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A comparison of the properties of NZM and FPS

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Abstract

The New Zealand Treasury and the Reserve Bank of New Zealand both maintain and use comprehensive macroeconomic models of the New Zealand economy: NZM and FPS respectively. In this paper, shocks are applied to the two models to illustrate and compare their dynamic properties. The most notable differences arise from their characterisations of the inflation process. In NZM, inflation is modelled as a cost-push phenomenon, whereas FPS models inflation as a demand pull process. Consequently, shocks arising from demand and cost sources often have quite different implications for monetary policy in the two models. In contrast, in general the long-run responses of the models to permanent shocks are quite similar, although the transition paths differ reflecting both the differing inflation processes and adjustment dynamics.

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Paper provided by Reserve Bank of New Zealand in its series Reserve Bank of New Zealand Discussion Paper Series with number DP2000/02.

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Length: 33p
Date of creation: Mar 2000
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Handle: RePEc:nzb:nzbdps:2000/02

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  1. Buiter, Willem H, 1988. "Death, Birth, Productivity Growth and Debt Neutrality," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(391), pages 279-93, June.
  2. Weil, Philippe, 1989. "Overlapping families of infinitely-lived agents," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 183-198, March.
  3. Aaron Drew & Benjamin Hunt, 1999. "Efficient simple policy rules and the implications of potential output uncertainty," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Discussion Paper Series, Reserve Bank of New Zealand G99/5, Reserve Bank of New Zealand.
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Cited by:
  1. Kam Leong Szeto & Paul Gardiner & Richard Gray & David Hargreaves, 2003. "A Comparison of the NZTM and FPS Models of the New Zealand Economy," Treasury Working Paper Series, New Zealand Treasury 03/25, New Zealand Treasury.
  2. Vincze, János & Bíró, Anikó & Elek, Péter, 2007. "Szimulációk és érzékenységvizsgálatok a magyar gazdaság egy középméretű makromodelljével
    [Simulations and sensitivity analyses with a medium-sized macro model of the Hungarian economy]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(9), pages 774-799.

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