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Regulation, Distribution Efficiency, and Retail Density

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  • David Flath

Abstract

After outlining characteristics of Japan's distribution sector, a comprehensive international comparison of it to those of other nations is presented and analyzed for underlying differences. This leads to an explanation of Japan's retail store density, which is then related to the structure of wholesale channels. Next, some details on the Large Store Law of Japan and regulatory distortion, including empirical evidence on its extent are offered. Data on the structure of the retail sector by store format and on differences among prefectures in density and format are then presented.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 9450.

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Date of creation: Jan 2003
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Publication status: published as Blomstrom, Magnus, Jennifer Corbett, Fumio Hayashi, and Anil Kashyap. Structural Impediments to Growth in Japan. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2003.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:9450

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  1. Takatoshi Ito & Masayoshi Maruyama, 1990. "Is the Japanese Distribution System Really Inefficient?," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 3306, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Flath, David, 2000. "The Japanese Economy," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780198775034, October.
  3. Geoffrey Heal, 1980. "Spatial Structure in the Retail Trade: A Study in Product Differentiation with Increasing Returns," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, The RAND Corporation, vol. 11(2), pages 565-583, Autumn.
  4. Flath, David, 1989. "Vertical restraints in Japan," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 1(2), pages 187-203, March.
  5. JASKOLD GABSZEWICZ, Jean & THISSE, Jacques-François, . "Spatial competition and the location of firms," CORE Discussion Papers RP, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) -713, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  6. Dirk Pilat, 1997. "Regulation and Performance in the Distribution Sector," OECD Economics Department Working Papers, OECD Publishing 180, OECD Publishing.
  7. David Flath & Tatsuhiko Nariu, 2008. "The Complexity of Wholesale Distribution Channels in Japan," Japanese Economy, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 35(2), pages 68-86, July.
  8. Milgrom, Paul & Roberts, John, 1995. "Complementarities and fit strategy, structure, and organizational change in manufacturing," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(2-3), pages 179-208, April.
  9. Becker, Gary S, 1983. "A Theory of Competition among Pressure Groups for Political Influence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 98(3), pages 371-400, August.
  10. Olivier Boylaud & Giuseppe Nicoletti, 2001. "Regulatory reform in retail distribution," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, OECD Publishing, vol. 2001(1), pages 253-274.
  11. Flath, David, 1990. "Why are there so many retail stores in Japan?," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 365-386, December.
  12. Flath, David & Nariu, Tatsuhiko, 1996. "Is Japan's Retail Sector Truly Distinctive?," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 181-191, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Hamid Faruqee, 2004. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through in the Euro Area," IMF Working Papers, International Monetary Fund 04/14, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Xu Yi & Nezih Guner & Gustavo Ventura, 2005. "Macroeconomic Implications of Size Dependent Policies," 2005 Meeting Papers, Society for Economic Dynamics 530, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Eliana Viviano, 2006. "Entry regulations and labor market outcomes: evidence from the Italian retail trade sector," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers), Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area 594, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  4. Guner, Nezih & Ventura, Gustavo & Yi, Xu, 2006. "How costly are restrictions on size?," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 302-320, August.

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