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The Structure of Protection and Growth in the Late 19th Century

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  • Sibylle H. Lehmann
  • Kevin H. O'Rourke

Abstract

Many papers have explored the relationship between average tariff rates and economic growth, when theory suggests that the structure of protection is what should matter. We therefore explore the relationship between economic growth and agricultural tariffs, industrial tariffs, and revenue tariffs, for a sample of relatively well-developed countries between 1875 and 1913. Industrial tariffs were positively correlated with growth. Agricultural tariffs were negatively correlated with growth, although the relationship was often statistically insignificant at conventional levels. There was no relationship between revenue tariffs and growth.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 14493.

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Date of creation: Nov 2008
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Publication status: published as May 2011, Vol. 93, No. 2, Pages 606-616 Posted Online April 26, 2011. (doi:10.1162/REST_a_00104) © 2011 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology The Structure of Protection and Growth in the Late Nineteenth Century Sibylle H. Lehmann Universität Köln Kevin H. O'Rourke
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14493

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  1. Nye, John Vincent, 1991. "The Myth of Free-Trade Britain and Fortress France: Tariffs and Trade in the Nineteenth Century," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 51(01), pages 23-46, March.
  2. Harrison, Ann, 1996. "Openness and growth: A time-series, cross-country analysis for developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 419-447, March.
  3. O'Rourke, Kevin H, 2000. "Tariffs and Growth in the Late 19th Century," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(463), pages 456-83, April.
  4. Douglas A. Irwin, 2002. "Did Import Substitution Promote Growth in the Late Nineteenth Century?," NBER Working Papers 8751, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. repec:fth:stanho:e-92-3 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Antonio Tena Junguito, 2008. "Bairoch revisited. Tariff structure and growth in the late 19th century," Working Papers in Economic History wp08-04, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  7. Rodríguez, Francisco & Rodrik, Dani, 1999. "Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Sceptic's Guide to the Cross-National Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2143, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. James E. Anderson & J. Peter Neary, 2005. "Measuring the Restrictiveness of International Trade Policy," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262012200, December.
  9. Taylor, Alan M., 1999. "Sources of convergence in the late nineteenth century," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 43(9), pages 1621-1645, October.
  10. Irwin, Douglas A., 1993. "Free Trade and Protection in Nineteenth-Century Britain and France Revisited: A Comment on Nye," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 53(01), pages 146-152, March.
  11. Hiau LooiKee & Alessandro Nicita & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2009. "Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(534), pages 172-199, 01.
  12. Irwin, Douglas A, 1998. "Change in U.S. Tariffs: The Role of Import Prices and Commercial Policies," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 88(4), pages 1015-26, September.
  13. de Vries, Jan, 1994. "The Industrial Revolution and the Industrious Revolution," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(02), pages 249-270, June.
  14. Kiminori Matsuyama, 1990. "Agricultural Productivity, Comparative Advantage, and Economic Growth," Discussion Papers, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science 934, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  15. Temin, Peter, 2002. "The Golden Age of European growth reconsidered," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(01), pages 3-22, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Antonio Tena Junguito, 2008. "Bairoch revisited. Tariff structure and growth in the late 19th century," Working Papers in Economic History wp08-04, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  2. Stéphane BECUWE (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Bertrand BLANCHETON (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113, 2011. "Tariff growth paradox between 1850 and 1913: a critical survey (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée 2011-24, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  3. Crafts, Nicholas, 2011. "British Relative Economic Decline Revisited," CAGE Online Working Paper Series, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE) 42, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
  4. repec:clg:wpaper:2011-08 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Crafts, Nicholas, 2012. "British relative economic decline revisited: The role of competition," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 17-29.
  6. Ian W. McLean, 2010. "Responding to Shocks: Australia's Institutions and Policies," School of Economics Working Papers, University of Adelaide, School of Economics 2010-30, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
  7. Moritz Schularick & Solomos Solomou, 2011. "Tariffs and economic growth in the first era of globalization," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 33-70, March.
  8. Michelangelo Vasta, 2009. "Italian export capacity in the long run perspective (1861-2009): a tortuous path to keep the position," Department of Economics University of Siena, Department of Economics, University of Siena 572, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
  9. Carson, Matthew, 2010. "Guiding structural change : the role of government in development," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 455097, International Labour Organization.
  10. Broadberry, Stephen; Crafts, Nicholas., 2010. "Openness, Protectionism And Britain’S Productivity Performance Over The Long-Run," CAGE Online Working Paper Series, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE) 36, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
  11. Antonio Tena Junguito & Markus Lampe & Felipe Tâmega, 2012. "How much trade liberalization was there in the world before and after Cobden-Chevalier?," Working Papers in Economic History wp12-02, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.

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