Learning-by-Producing and the Geographic Links Between Invention and Production: Experience From the Second Industrial Revolution
AbstractThis paper investigates the impact of ¡§learning-by-producing¡¨ on inventive activity and shows that, in both emerging (electrical equipment and supplies) and maturing (shoes and textiles) industries, the geographic association between invention and production was rather weak during the Second Industrial Revolution. Regional shifts in production were neither accompanied nor followed by corresponding increases in invention. Instead, this paper finds that the geographic location of inventive activity tended to mirror the geographic distribution of individuals with advanced technical skills appropriate to the particular industry in question. Even in the craft-based shoe industry, much of the invention came from those with the advanced technical skills. The findings suggest that scholars have over-emphasized the importance of learning-by-producing in accounting for the geographic differences in inventive activity, and underestimated the significance of technical skills or human capital amongst the population.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 12469.
Date of creation: Aug 2006
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Other versions of this item:
- Sutthiphisal, Dhanoos, 2006. "Learning-by-Producing and the Geographic Links Between Invention and Production: Experience from the Second Industrial Revolution," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 66(04), pages 992-1025, December.
- Dhanoos Sutthiphisal, 2006. "Learning-By-Producing And The Geographic Links Between Invention And Production: Experience From The Second Industrial Revolution," Departmental Working Papers 2006-18, McGill University, Department of Economics.
- N0 - Economic History - - General
- O3 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-08-26 (All new papers)
- NEP-EFF-2006-08-26 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-ENT-2006-08-26 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-HIS-2006-08-26 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-INO-2006-08-26 (Innovation)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Alwyn Young, 1991. "Learning by Doing and the Dynamic Effects of International Trade," NBER Working Papers 3577, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Young, Alwyn, 1991. "Learning by Doing and the Dynamic Effects of International Trade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 369-405, May.
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