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Einkommen und Sterblichkeit in Deutschland : Leben Reiche länger?

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  • Reil-Held, Anette
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    Abstract

    Unterschiede in der Lebenserwartung nach Einkommen wurden bereits für viele Länder untersucht und empirisch belegt. Diese Diskrepanzen in der Lebenserwartung sind wirtschaftspolitisch und empirisch wichtig. Durch die kürzeren Rentenlaufzeiten von Versicherten in den untersten Einkommensgruppe resultieren unerwünschte Umverteilungseffekte in der gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung. Weiterhin ändern einkommensabhängige Mortalitätsraten die Interpretation empirischer Analysen über das Sparverhalten älterer Menschen. Eine Auswertung des Sozio-ökonomischen Panels zeigt, daß auch in Deutschland ein positiver Zusammenhang zwischen dem Einkommen und der Lebenserwartung von Männern und Frauen in der zweiten Lebenshälfte besteht. Männer und Frauen im untersten Viertel der Einkommensverteilung haben eine um etwa 6 bzw. 4 Jahre kürzere Lebenserwartung als Menschen im obersten Einkommensquartil. Dieser Einfluß bleibt auch bei Berücksichtigung zusätzlicher Bestimmungsfaktoren der Mortalität bestehen.

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    File URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/1031/1/580.pdf
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    Paper provided by Institut fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre und Statistik, Abteilung fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre in its series Discussion Papers with number 580.

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    Date of creation: 2000
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    Handle: RePEc:mnh:vpaper:1031

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    1. Garrett, Daniel M, 1995. "The Effects of Differential Mortality Rates on the Progressivity of Social Security," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 33(3), pages 457-75, July.
    2. Angus Deaton & Christina Paxson, 1999. "Mortality, education, income and inequality among American cohorts," Working Papers, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Health and Wellbeing. 279, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Health and Wellbeing..
    3. Orazio P. Attanasio & Hilary Williamson Hoynes, 2000. "Differential Mortality and Wealth Accumulation," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(1), pages 1-29.
    4. Michael Hurd, 1998. "SYMPOSIUM on assets, incomes and retirement," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 19(2), pages 141-151, May.
    5. Shorrocks, A F, 1975. "The Age-Wealth Relationship: A Cross-Section and Cohort Analysis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 57(2), pages 155-63, May.
    6. Nancy Jianakoplos & Paul Menchik & Owen Irvine, 1989. "Using Panel Data to Assess the Bias in Cross-sectional Inferences of Life-Cycle Changes in the Level and Composition of Household Wealth," NBER Chapters, in: The Measurement of Saving, Investment, and Wealth, pages 553-644 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:
    1. Richard Hauser & Holger Stein, 2004. "Inequality of the Distribution of Personal Wealth in Germany 1973-1998," Microeconomics, EconWPA 0401005, EconWPA.
    2. Ehrentraut, Oliver & Raffelhüschen, Bernd, 2008. "Demografischer Wandel und Betriebsrenten: Zur Berücksichtigung der Langlebigkeit bei der Anpassung von Direktzusagen," FZG Discussion Papers 25, Research Center for Generational Contracts (FZG), University of Freiburg.
    3. Tim Krieger & Stefan Traub, 2008. "Back to Bismarck? Shifting Preferences for Intragenerational Redistribution in OECD Pension Systems," Working Papers CIE 13, University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics.

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