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On the Impact of the European Union in Citizens’ Perception of Quality of Life


  • Giancarlo MANZI


  • Pier Alda FERRARI





In the 2000s many important events have affected the EU political and economic stage: the adoption of the Euro currency, the enlargement occurred in three waves, the big economic crisis in 2008 and the Brexit referendum in 2016, just to cite a few. It is common opinion that these shocks have contributed to deeply change the average citizens’ attitude towards the EU and have had a strong impact on citizens’ quality of life. The present work aims at analysing the relationship between the EU and EU citizens’ perceived quality of life. This analysis is carried out in two-steps via firstly a nonlinear principal component analysis to extract underlying components of perceived quality of life related to the EU, and secondly using multilevel modelling to take into account country effects influencing the overall quality of life. Specific attention is given to national differences and the connection with the general citizens’ perception of quality of life.

Suggested Citation

  • Giancarlo MANZI & Pier Alda FERRARI & Sonia STEFANIZZI, 2017. "On the Impact of the European Union in Citizens’ Perception of Quality of Life," Departmental Working Papers 2017-08, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  • Handle: RePEc:mil:wpdepa:2017-08

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pier Ferrari & Paola Annoni & Giancarlo Manzi, 2010. "Evaluation and comparison of European countries: public opinion on services," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 44(6), pages 1191-1205, October.
    2. Noelia Somarriba Arechavala & Pilar Zarzosa Espina & Bernardo Pena Trapero, 2015. "The Economic Crisis and its Effects on the Quality of Life in the European Union," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 120(2), pages 323-343, January.
    3. Enrico Ivaldi & Guido Bonatti & Riccardo Soliani, 2016. "The Construction of a Synthetic Index Comparing Multidimensional Well-Being in the European Union," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 125(2), pages 397-430, January.
    4. Giancarlo Manzi & Sonia Stefanizzi & Pier Alda Ferrari, 2016. "In the end, will we all be Europeans? A two-phase analysis of citizens’ sentiment towards the EU," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(6), pages 2535-2551, November.
    5. Eichenberg, Richard C. & Dalton, Russell J., 1993. "Europeans and the European Community: the dynamics of public support for European integration," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 47(04), pages 507-534, September.
    6. Simou, Effie & Koutsogeorgou, Eleni, 2014. "Effects of the economic crisis on health and healthcare in Greece in the literature from 2009 to 2013: A systematic review," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 115(2), pages 111-119.
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    More about this item


    Quality of Life; European Union; Nonlinear Principal Component Analysis; Multilevel Models; Synthetic Indicators;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis


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