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Profil de la pauvreté infantile dans quatre pays de l'UEMOA: une analyse comparative basée sur l'approche multidimensionnelle de la pauvreté

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  • Kossi Agbeviade Djoke
  • Ayawo Djadou
  • Amélé d'Almeida
  • Rachidatou Ruffino
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    Abstract

    L'objectif général de cette étude est, d'une part, d'identifier et d'analyser les facteurs qui contribuent à l'état de la pauvreté infantile et, d'autre part, d'identifier l'existence d'inégalités de bien-être infantile et d'analyser leurs sources dans quatre pays de l'UEMOA: la Côte d'Ivoire, la Guinée Bissau, le Niger et le Togo. En s'appuyant sur l'approche multidimensionnelle de la pauvreté, les résultats font ressortir que les facteurs qui expliquent la pauvreté infantile dans les pays étudiés sont: l'accès à la vitamine A, la qualité du sel iodé consommé, l'allaitement, la vaccination contre la poliomyélite, la diphtérie, la rougeole et la fièvre jaune, la survenance des maladies telles que la diarrhée, la toux, la fièvre et les difficultés respiratoires. Il apparaît aussi que, l'incidence de la pauvreté infantile multidimensionnelle est de 19,4% au Togo, 21,1% en Côte d'Ivoire, 29,0% en Guinée-Bissau et 49,7% au Niger.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2009-01.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2009-01

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    Keywords: Pauvreté infantile multidimensionnelle; inégalité; analyse des correspondances multiples;

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    1. Sahn, David E. & Stifel, David C., 2000. "Poverty Comparisons Over Time and Across Countries in Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(12), pages 2123-2155, December.
    2. Richard Dickens & David T Ellwood, 2003. "Child Poverty in Britain and the United States," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(488), pages F219-F239, 06.
    3. Sutherland, Holly & Piachaud, David, 2001. "Reducing Child Poverty in Britain: An Assessment of Government Policy 1997-2001," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(469), pages F85-101, February.
    4. Sahn, David E. & Stifel, David C., 2004. "Urban-Rural Inequality in Living Standards in Africa," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Hoddinott, John & Kinsey, Bill, 2001. " Child Growth in the Time of Drought," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 63(4), pages 409-36, September.
    6. David E. Sahn & David Stifel, 2003. "Exploring Alternative Measures of Welfare in the Absence of Expenditure Data," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 49(4), pages 463-489, December.
    7. Stephen P. Jenkins & Christian Schluter, 2003. "Why Are Child Poverty Rates Higher in Britain than in Germany?: A Longitudinal Perspective," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 38(2).
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