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Social Identity and Group Lending

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  • Sudipta Sarangi

    ()

  • Prabirendra Chatterjee

    ()

Abstract

The success of joint liability programs depends on nature and composition of borrowing groups. Group formation is a costly process and in our model these costs vary with the social identity of group partners. We show that risk heterogeneity in a borrowing group may arise due to the social identity of the agents. The presence of caste and gender bias may not resolve the adverse selection and moral hazard problems created by information asymmetry between the borrowers and the lender. We also find that with costly group formation and state verification, individual liability lending may be better than joint liability lending. Thus ignoring social identity and group formation costs can lead to the failure of a joint liability program. Finally, the paper also suggests that targeting different social groups requires the use of a menu of joint liability costs.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, Louisiana State University in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2004-01.

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Handle: RePEc:lsu:lsuwpp:2004-01

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  1. Morduch, Jonathan, 1999. "The role of subsidies in microfinance: evidence from the Grameen Bank," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 229-248, October.
  2. Mark M. Pitt & Shahidur R. Khandker, 1998. "The Impact of Group-Based Credit Programs on Poor Households in Bangladesh: Does the Gender of Participants Matter?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(5), pages 958-996, October.
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  4. Sajeda Amin & Ashok S. Rai & Giorgio Topa, 1999. "Does Microcredit Reach the Poor and Vulnerable? Evidence from Northern Bangladesh," CID Working Papers 28, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
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  8. Beatriz Armendáriz de Aghion & Jonathan Morduch, 2000. "Microfinance Beyond Group Lending," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 8(2), pages 401-420, July.
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  13. Udry, Christopher, 1994. "Risk and Insurance in a Rural Credit Market: An Empirical Investigation in Northern Nigeria," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 495-526, July.
  14. George J. Mailath & Andrew Postlewaite, 2003. "The Social Context of Economic Decisions," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(2-3), pages 354-362, 04/05.
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  17. La Ferrara, Eliana & Alesina, Alberto, 2000. "Participation in Heterogeneous Communities," Scholarly Articles 4551796, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  18. Masahiro Okuno-Fujiwara, 2002. "Social Relations and Endogenous Culture," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 53(1), pages 1-24.
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Cited by:
  1. Chowdhury, Prabal Roy, 2007. "Group-lending with sequential financing, contingent renewal and social capital," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 487-506, September.
  2. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:15:y:2005:i:9:p:1-8 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Fernando Aguiar & Pablo Branas-Garza & Maria Paz Espinosa & Luis M. Miller, 2007. "Personal Identity in the Dictator Game," Jena Economic Research Papers 2007-007, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  4. Sudipta Sarangi & Prabirendra Chatterjee, 2005. "Enforcement with Costly Group Formation," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 15(9), pages 1-8.

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