Decentralization, Democracy and Allocation of Poverty Alleviation Programs in Rural India
AbstractThis paper investigates the effect of the devolution of power to the village level government on the household-level allocation of poverty alleviation programs drawing upon National Sample Survey data and the Election Commission's election data. First, greater inequality in land-holdings and less competition between the two major political parties generally lead to less provision of the poverty alleviation programs. Second, the disadvantaged groups were not necessarily likely to be the primary beneficiaries of the poverty alleviation programs. Third, our results based on the natural experiment approach suggest that decentralisation did not lead to wider household access to poverty alleviation programmes during the 1990s. Our results imply the possibility that the power and resources were captured by the local elite after decentralisation, that is, decentralization did not necessarily contribute to the improvement of the welfare of the socially disadvantaged groups.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number DP2010-21.
Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2010
Date of revision:
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Decentralization; Democracy; Poverty Alleviation Programs; Poverty; IRDP (Integrated Rural Development Programme); RPW (Rural Public Works); India;
Other versions of this item:
- Katsushi S Imai & Takahiro Sato, 2012. "Decentralization, Democracy and Allocation of Poverty Alleviation Programmes in Rural India," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 24(1), pages 125-143, February.
- C20 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - General
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- O22 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Project Analysis
- P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-09-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-PBE-2010-09-03 (Public Economics)
- NEP-POL-2010-09-03 (Positive Political Economics)
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