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Employment Concentration and Resource Allocation: One-Company Towns in Russia

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Author Info

  • Commander, Simon

    ()
    (IE Business School, Altura Partners)

  • Nikoloski, Zlatko

    ()
    (University College London)

  • Plekhanov, Alexander

    ()
    (EBRD, London)

Abstract

The paper looks at the effects of employment concentration on resource allocation with a particular focus on one-company towns in Russia defined as towns where a single company accounts for a significant share of total employment of the locality. Empirical analysis of firms' production functions indicates that companies located in one-company towns are characterised by lower marginal product of labour, higher marginal product of capital and lower overall productivity pointing towards significant labour hoarding. One-company town enterprises are also found to be financially more vulnerable. The paper argues that the dominance of natural resources in the Russian economy and employment concentration is closely linked.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6034.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: forthcoming in: Economics of Transition, 2014
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6034

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Keywords: labour productivity; one-company towns; employment concentration; Russia;

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  1. W. E. G. Salter, 1959. "Internal And External Balance: The Role Op Price And Expenditure Effects," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 35(71), pages 226-238, 08.
  2. Halvor Mehlum & Karl Moene & Ragnar Torvik, 2004. "Institutions and the Resource Curse," DEGIT Conference Papers c009_012, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  3. Fishback, Price V. & Lauszus, Dieter, 1989. "The Quality of Services in Company Towns: Sanitation in Coal Towns During the 1920s," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 49(01), pages 125-144, March.
  4. Alexander Plekhanov & Sergei Guriev & Konstantin Sonin, 2009. "Development based on commodity revenues," Working Papers 108, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist.
  5. Robinson, James A. & Torvik, Ragnar & Verdier, Thierry, 2006. "Political foundations of the resource curse," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(2), pages 447-468, April.
  6. Rama, Martin & Scott, Kinnon, 1999. "Labor Earnings in One-Company Towns: Theory and Evidence from Kazakhstan," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 13(1), pages 185-209, January.
  7. Rajan, Raghuram G & Zingales, Luigi, 1995. " What Do We Know about Capital Structure? Some Evidence from International Data," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(5), pages 1421-60, December.
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