Physical Dating Violence Among College Students in Chile
AbstractDating violence is a serious public health concern both per se and because victimization in the young adult years can be a precursor to more severe incidents of domestic violence later, in the context of cohabitation or marriage. To date, no quantitative studies have examined dating violence among college students in Chile. To address this gap, a survey on this topic was administered to students at a major public university. The present analyses focused on the female sample (n=441). Generalized ordered logit models were used to assess factors associated with physical victimization since age 14, considering three categories: no victimization, victimization with no injury, and victimization with injury. Approximately 21% of subjects reported one or more incidents of physical dating violence not involving injury since age 14, and another 5.0% reported at least one incident resulting in injury during this time period. The corresponding figures for the past 12 months were 12.9% and 2.4%, respectively. Childhood sexual abuse and witnessing domestic violence as a child were associated with substantially elevated odds of physical victimization later in life. Low parental education was also associated with higher vulnerability, in part because of its linkage with childhood experiences with aggression. Protective factors included maternal employment and religious service participation at age 14, residence in the parental home during the college years, and never having had sexual intercourse. The findings suggest that it would be desirable to develop public health initiatives to prevent and respond to this form of violence among Chilean college students.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2753.
Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Women's Health, 2010, 19(5), 893-902
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Production
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-05-12 (All new papers)
- NEP-DCM-2007-05-12 (Discrete Choice Models)
- NEP-LAM-2007-05-12 (Central & South America)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Gover, Angela R., 2004. "Risky lifestyles and dating violence: A theoretical test of violent victimization," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 171-180.
- Efraín Gonzales de Olarte & Soledad Larraín & Jacquin Strouss de Samper & Michael Shifter & Elaine Schieck & Patricia Poppe & Mayra Buvinic & Francisco Cervantes Islas & Charo Quesada & María Beatr, . "Too Close to Home: Domestic Violence in the Americas Title: El costo del silencio: Violencia doméstica en las Américas," IDB Publications 79306, Inter-American Development Bank.
- Lehrer, Evelyn L. & Lehrer, Vivian L. & Krauss, Ramona, 2009. "Religion and Intimate Partner Violence in Chile: Macro- and Micro-Level Influences," IZA Discussion Papers 4067, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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