Religion and Intimate Partner Violence in Chile: Macro- and Micro-Level Influences
AbstractThe Catholic Church has had a strong influence on the Chilean legal and social landscape in ways that have adversely affected victims of intimate partner violence; e.g., it succeeded until just five years ago in blocking efforts to legalize divorce. At the same time, quantitative studies based on survey data from the United States and other countries show a generally favorable influence of religion on health and many other domains of life, including intimate partner violence. The present study explores the puzzle posed by these seemingly opposing macro- and micro- level forces. Results based on data from the 2005 Survey of Student Well-Being, a questionnaire on gender based violence administered to students at a large public university in Chile, show that moderate or low levels of religiosity are associated with reduced vulnerability to violence, but high levels are not. This non-linearity sheds light on the puzzle, because at the macro level the religious views shaping Chile's legal and social environment have been extreme.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4067.
Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Social Science Research, 2009, 38(3), 635-643
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion
- J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-04-13 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAM-2009-04-13 (Central & South America)
- NEP-LTV-2009-04-13 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
- NEP-SOC-2009-04-13 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
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