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The Reliability of Subjective Well-Being Measures

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  • Krueger, Alan B.

    ()
    (Princeton University)

  • Schkade, David A.

    ()
    (University of California, San Diego)

Abstract

This paper studies the test-retest reliability of a standard self-reported life satisfaction measure and of affect measures collected from a diary method. The sample consists of 229 women who were interviewed on Thursdays, two weeks apart, in Spring 2005. The correlation of net affect (i.e., duration-weighted positive feelings less negative feelings) measured two weeks apart is 0.64, which is slightly higher than the correlation of life satisfaction (r=0.59). Correlations between income, net affect and life satisfaction are presented, and adjusted for attenuation bias due to measurement error. Life satisfaction is found to correlate much more strongly with income than does net affect. Components of affect that are more person-specific are found to have a higher test-retest reliability than components of affect that are more specific to the particular situation. While reliability figures for subjective well-being measures are lower than those typically found for education, income and many other microeconomic variables, they are probably sufficiently high to support much of the research that is currently being undertaken on subjective well-being, particularly in studies where group means are compared (e.g., across activities or demographic groups).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2724.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Public Economics, 2008, 92 (8-9), 1833-1845
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2724

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Keywords: diary method; test-retest reliability; self-reported; life satisfaction;

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References

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