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Work and Family: Marriage, Children, Child Gender and the Work Hours and Earnings of West German Men

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Author Info

  • Choi, Hyung-Jai

    ()
    (University of Washington)

  • Joesch, Jutta M.

    ()
    (affiliation not available)

  • Lundberg, Shelly

    ()
    (University of California, Santa Barbara)

Abstract

We find a strong association between family status and labor market outcomes for recent cohorts of West German men in the German Socio-Economic Panel. Living with a partner and living with a child both have substantial positive effects on earnings and work hours. These effects persist in fixed effects models that control for correlation in time-invariant unobservables that affect both family and work outcomes. Child gender also matters – a first son increases fathers' work hours by 100 hours per year more than a first daughter. There is evidence of son "preference" in the probability that a German man is observed to be coresiding with a son or a daughter. Men are more likely to remain in the same household with a male child than a female child and girls are underrepresented in the raw data. Controlling for selective attrition in our labor supply model reveals that men who remain with female children are strongly positively selected (in terms of their work hours) relative to men who remain with male children.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1761.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2005
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as "Sons, daughters, wives, and the labour market outcomes of West German men" in: Labour Economics, 2008, 15(5), 795-811
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1761

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Keywords: labor supply; fatherhood; child gender; family;

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References

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  1. Kerwin Kofi Charles & Melvin Stephens, 2004. "Job Displacement, Disability, and Divorce," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(2), pages 489-522, April.
  2. Lundberg, Shelly, 2005. "The Division of Labor by New Parents: Does Child Gender Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 1787, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Ribar, David C., 2004. "What Do Social Scientists Know About the Benefits of Marriage? A Review of Quantitative Methodologies," IZA Discussion Papers 998, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Shelly Lundberg & Elaina Rose, 2003. "Child gender and the transition to marriage," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 333-349, May.
  5. Carlin, Paul S. & Flood, Lennart, 1997. "Do children affect the labor supply of Swedish men? Time diary vs. survey data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 167-183, June.
  6. Günter Lang, 2005. "The difference between wages and wage potentials: Earnings disadvantages of immigrants in Germany," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 21-42, April.
  7. Shelly Lundberg & Elaina Rose, 2002. "The Effects Of Sons And Daughters On Men'S Labor Supply And Wages," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 251-268, May.
  8. Browning, Martin, 1992. "Children and Household Economic Behavior," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1434-75, September.
  9. N. S. Blomquist & U. Hansson-Brusewitz, 1990. "The Effect of Taxes on Male and Female Labor Supply in Sweden," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(3), pages 317-357.
  10. Waldfogel, Jane, 1998. "The Family Gap for Young Women in the United States and Britain: Can Maternity Leave Make a Difference?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(3), pages 505-45, July.
  11. Christian Dustmann, 2003. "Children and return migration," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 815-830, November.
  12. Schoeni, R.F., 1996. "Marital Status and Earnings in Developed Countries," Papers, RAND - Reprint Series 96-14, RAND - Reprint Series.
  13. Akerlof, George A, 1998. "Men without Children," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(447), pages 287-309, March.
  14. Gordon B. Dahl & Enrico Moretti, 2004. "The Demand for Sons: Evidence from Divorce, Fertility, and Shotgun Marriage," NBER Working Papers 10281, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Karen Norberg, 2004. "Partnership Status and the Human Sex Ratio at Birth," NBER Working Papers 10920, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Lundberg, Shelly, 2005. "The Division of Labor by New Parents: Does Child Gender Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 1787, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Lundberg, Shelly, 2005. "Men and islands: Dealing with the family in empirical labor economics," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 591-612, August.

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