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Población rural y urbana a nivel municipal

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Author Info

  • Francisco José Goerlich Gisbert

    (Universitat de València)

  • Isidro Cantarino Martí

    (Dpto. Ingeniería del Terreno)

Abstract

This paper presents an exercise in the estimation of rural and urban population at municipal level. Our starting point is a population density grid at 1 km2 resolution and national coverage, which has been elaborated previously by the authors. Applying standard criteria in European official statistics (Eurostat) we determine the population that lives in urban clusters (contiguous grid cells with a minimum population density of 300 inhabitants per km2 and a minimum population of 5,000 inhabitants) and outside these clusters, which are called rural areas. Using similar criteria (contiguous grid cells with a minimum population density of 1,500 inhabitants per km2 and a minimum population of 50,000 inhabitants) we determine the population living in urban centers or high density clusters. Transforming this rural/urban grid in rural and urban municipal population is accomplished by means of simple Geographical Information System operations (GIS). In this way, we determine, for each commune, the population that lives in rural areas, in urban clusters and in urban centers, if any of these is present in the commune. Eventually, and also by means of Eurostat criteria, we offer a rural/intermediate/urban typology at municipal and regional level, which we compare with the standard OECD’s typology. Este trabajo presenta un ejercicio de estimación de la población rural y urbana a nivel de municipio. Partimos para ello de una grid de densidad poblacional con resolución 1 km2 y ámbito nacional, elaborada previamente por los autores. La aplicación de criterios estándar en la estadística oficial europea (Eurostat) nos permite determinar la población que vive en aglomeraciones urbanas (celdas contiguas con una densidad mínima de 300 habitantes por km2 y un mínimo de población de 5.000 habitantes) y fuera de ellas, es decir en áreas rurales. Mediante criterios similares (contigüidad, densidad mínima de 1.500 habitantes por km2 y un mínimo de población de 50.000 habitantes) determinamos la población que vive en centros urbanos. La trasformación de esta grid rural/urbana en poblaciones rurales y urbanas a nivel de municipio se realiza mediante simples operaciones en el contexto de los Sistemas de Información Geográfica (SIG), de esta forma para cada municipio somos capaces de determinar la población que vive en áreas rurales, en aglomeraciones urbanas y en centros urbanos, si es que estos últimos están presentes en un municipio concreto. Finalmente, y también mediante la aplicación de criterios Eurostat, ofrecemos una tipología rural/intermedio/urbano tanto a nivel municipal como a nivel regional, y se compara la clasificación estándar de la OECD.

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File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-2013-01.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2013-01.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2013-01

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Related research

Keywords: Rejillas de población; núcleos urbanos; población rural; demografía. Population grids; urban areas; rural population; demography.;

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References

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  1. Goerlich Gisbert Francisco J., 2013. "Áreas rurales y coberturas del suelo," Working Papers 2013126, Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation.
  2. Monica Brezzi & Lewis Dijkstra & Vicente Ruiz, 2011. "OECD Extended Regional Typology: The Economic Performance of Remote Rural Regions," OECD Regional Development Working Papers 2011/6, OECD Publishing.
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