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Exclusión social y violencia en América Latina y el Caribe

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  • Heather Berkman

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza la manera en que la exclusión social ayuda a fomentar la violencia en América Latina. Las comunidades socialmente excluidas no pueden depender de las instituciones concebidas para protegerlas y la violencia se convierte en un instrumento mediante el cual alcanzar justicia, seguridad y provecho económico. Cuando se limitan los métodos convencionales de obtener un mayor nivel social, más ingresos e influencia, algunas personas recurren a actos de violencia. En este trabajo se trata la manera en que la exclusión social y la violencia interactúan en un círculo vicioso que deja a los socialmente excluidos en un entorno sumamente hostil en el que la línea divisoria entre la legalidad y la ilegalidad a menudo se desdibuja. El uso de la violencia por parte de esta minoría afecta las vidas de la mayoría de la gente excluida que no recurre a la violencia. En este trabajo también se analiza la relación entre la violencia y las pandillas juveniles y los niños de la calle. (Disponible en inglés)

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4535.

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Date of creation: Oct 2007
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4535

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  1. Alejandro Gaviria & Carmen Pagés-Serra, 1999. "Patterns of Crime Victimization in Latin America," Research Department Publications 4186, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  2. George J. Borjas, 1994. "Ethnicity, Neighborhoods, and Human Capital Externalities," NBER Working Papers 4912, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Fleisher, Belton M, 1970. "The Effect of Income on Delinquency: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 257, March.
  4. Betânia Totino Peixoto & Sueli Moro & Mônica Viegas Andrade, 2004. "Criminalidade Na Região Metropolitana De Belo Horizonte: Uma Análise Espacial," Anais do XI Seminário sobre a Economia Mineira [Proceedings of the 11th Seminar on the Economy of Minas Gerais], in: João Antonio de Paula & et alli (ed.), Anais do XI Seminário sobre a Economia Mineira [Proceedings of the 11th Seminar on the Economy of Minas Gerais] Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
  5. Heinemann, Alessandra & Verner, Dorte, 2006. "Crime and violence in development : a literature review of Latin America and the Caribbean," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4041, The World Bank.
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