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Conglomerados y ventaja comparativa: implicaciones para la política industrial

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  • Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Los conglomerados industriales surgen en presencia de externalidades propias de actividades específicas y de las características locales, lo que también se conoce como `externalidades de Marshall`. El argumento habitual es que tales externalidades pueden justificar una política de protección a industrias incipientes, para permitir y alentar el surgimiento de conglomerados. En este trabajo se analiza ese argumento y se muestra que pueden surgir implicaciones de políticas distintas si se aplica un modelo de conglomerados más apegado a la realidad. En particular, en vez de distorsionar los precios para promover la formación de conglomerados en actividades `avanzadas` con grandes posibilidades de formación de conglomerados, convendría más bien que los países se concentraran en promover la formación de conglomerados en sectores ya existentes y que hayan demostrado los mayores niveles de ventaja comparativa. La sustitución de importaciones no es una forma adecuada de alcanzar ese objetivo.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4392.

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Date of creation: Dec 2005
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4392

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  1. Peter J. Klenow & Andres Rodriguez-Clare, 2004. "Externalities and Growth," NBER Working Papers 11009, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Antonio Ciccone & Kiminori Matsuyama, 1993. "Start-Up Costs and Pecuniary Externalities as Barriers to Economic Development," NBER Working Papers 4363, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Rodriguez-Clare, Andres, 1996. "The division of labor and economic development," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 3-32, April.
  4. Parente, Stephen L & Prescott, Edward C, 1994. "Barriers to Technology Adoption and Development," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(2), pages 298-321, April.
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