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Review of Agricultural Policy Evolution, Agricultural Data Sources, and Food Supply and Demand Studies in Egypt, A


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  • Ibrahim Soliman
  • Jacinto F. Fabiosa
  • Halah Bassiony


Over the years the control of the Government of Egypt on the agricultural sector has increasingly weakened with the progressive elimination of the input subsidy, area control, price control, procurement control, and the constraints in private sector participation in processing and trade. The only remaining major government involvement is the food subsidy in some wheat products, the "baladi" bread subsidy in particular. Policy analysis studies in Egypt have been made possible because the Government of Egypt collects and publishes significant amounts of agricultural data on a regular basis. Two of the most widely used data sets are the Household Budget Survey conducted and published by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, and the Food Balance Sheet, which is derived and published by the Ministry of Agriculture. However, differences among various data sources remain and need to be harmonized. A number of studies have been conducted to estimate food supply and demand parameters (i.e., elasticities) using mostly the two previously mentioned data sets. However, the range of elasticity estimates in these studies is rather wide. For example, price elasticity estimates classify animal products in the range of inelastic to elastic with respect to price, and as necessity to luxury with respect to income. This lack of precision makes these parameters less useful for policy analysis purposes. Further investigations are needed to pinpoint the source of these differences—whether it is due to data, model specification, or estimation techniques —so corrective measures can be applied to improve their precision. Only then can credible policy analysis be conducted using these parameters.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University in its series Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications with number 10-wp506.

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Date of creation: Mar 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ias:cpaper:10-wp506

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Keywords: agricultural data; agricultural policy; Egypt; elasticity; supply and demand.;

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  1. Jacinto F. Fabiosa & Ibrahim Soliman, 2008. "Egypt's Household Expenditure Pattern: Does It Alleviate a Food Crisis?," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at Iowa State University 08-wp475, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at Iowa State University.
  2. Hazell, P. B. R. & Soliman, Ibrahim & Siam, Gamal & Perez, Nicostrato, 1995. "Impact of the structural adjustment program on agricultural production and resource use in Egypt:," EPTD discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 10, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Soliman, Ibrahim & Shapouri, Shahla, 1983. "The Impacts of Wheat Price Policy change on Nutritional Status in Egypt," MPRA Paper 32395, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Feb 1984.
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Cited by:
  1. Konstadinos Mattas & George Baourakis & Konstantinos Galanopoulos & Fatima El hadad Gauthier & Etienne Montaigne & Michel Petit & Hilel HAMADACHE & Ibrahim Soliman & Ahmed Mashhour & Mohamed Gaber & A, 2012. "A review of the national and international agro-food policies and institutions in the Mediterranean Region [Synthesis]," Working Papers, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France 180949, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.


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