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Social Security and Intragenerational Redistribution of Lifetime Income in Japan

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  • Oshio, Takashi
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    Abstract

    This paper investigates how social security redistributes lifetime income within the same generation in Japan, based on data from the Survey on the Redistribution of Income. The progressivity of Japan's public pension program appears to be much more limited on a lifetime basis than on an annual basis. Given an aging population, replacing the current pay-as-you-go system with a simple one that consists of a flat benefit and a wage-proportional premium, and has no maximum contribution, can be desirable in terms of both efficiency and intragenerational equity. The redistributive effects of income tax and consumption tax to finance the benefit are also examined.

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    File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/14259/1/pie_dp172.pdf
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    File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/14259/3/pie_dp172_tables.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Discussion Paper with number 172.

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    Length: 36, [6] p.
    Date of creation: Sep 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:hit:piedp1:172

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    1. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 2000. "Why a Funded Pension System is Useful and Why It is Not Useful," Munich Reprints in Economics 19859, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:
    1. Lixin He & Hiroshi Sato, 2013. "Income Redistribution In Urban China By Social Security System—An Empirical Analysis Based On Annual And Lifetime Income," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 31(2), pages 314-331, 04.

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