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Disentangling Peer Influence On Multiple Levels

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  • Valeria Ivaniushina

    ()
    (National Research University Higher School of Economics)

  • Daniel Alexandrov

    ()
    (National Research University Higher School of Economics)

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    Abstract

    In this study we focus on the influence of peers on adolescents academic achievement. Specifically, how the learning motivation of peers is related to a student's school grades. We use multilevel regression to analyze the influence of peers on different levels of social circles: school, class, personal network, and compare the effects of "assigned friends" and "chosen friends". The methods of social network analysis are used to define the personal network of a student in different ways: cliques, complete ego networks, and mutual ego networks. We demonstrate that the model improves considerably when the level of personal networks is included between individual and class levels. The learning motivation of a student's friends (defined as a clique or ego network) has an important influence on the student’s school performance, net of student’s personal characteristics.

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    File URL: http://www.hse.ru/data/2014/06/03/1323741784/43SOC2014.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by National Research University Higher School of Economics in its series HSE Working papers with number WP BRP 43/SOC/2014.

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    Length: 26 pages
    Date of creation: 2014
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in WP BRP Series: Sociology / SOC, June 2014, pages 1-26
    Handle: RePEc:hig:wpaper:43/soc/2014

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    Related research

    Keywords: social network analysis; schools; peer influence; ego networks; cliques;

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    References

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    1. Bramoullé, Yann & Djebbari, Habiba & Fortin, Bernard, 2009. "Identification of peer effects through social networks," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 150(1), pages 41-55, May.
    2. Jason Fletcher, 2012. "Peer influences on adolescent alcohol consumption: evidence using an instrumental variables/fixed effect approach," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 25(4), pages 1265-1286, October.
    3. Alejandro Gaviria & Steven Raphael, 2001. "School-Based Peer Effects And Juvenile Behavior," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 83(2), pages 257-268, May.
    4. Vera Titkova & Valeria Ivaniushina & Daniel Alexandrov, 2013. "Sociometric popularity in a school context," HSE Working papers WP BRP 10/EDU/2013, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    5. Fryer Jr., Roland G. & Torelli, Paul, 2010. "An empirical analysis of 'acting white'," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(5-6), pages 380-396, June.
    6. Trogdon, Justin G. & Nonnemaker, James & Pais, Joanne, 2008. "Peer effects in adolescent overweight," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 1388-1399, September.
    7. Ron W Zimmer & Eugenia F Toma, 2000. "Peer effects in private and public schools across countries," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(1), pages 75-92.
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