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Efficiency of Research and Innovation Systems for Economic Growth and Employment

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  • Edquist, Charles

    ()
    (CIRCLE, Lund University)

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    Abstract

    The concept of a holistic innovation policy is defined in this paper, and it is discussed what it is, why it is relevant and how it can be implemented. One of the main conclusions is that the innovation policies in European countries are still linear (and not holistic), in spite of the fact that the linear view has been completely abandoned by innovation researchers – and replaced by a systemic view on innovation processes. Why innovation policy is still linear is also discussed. Further it is noted that a considerable number of EU Member States have created public organizations (Councils) for innovation and/or research policy placed above ministries and usually chaired by the Prime Minister. The role and character of these bodies is discussed. The empirical results are based on a questionnaire sent to 23 EU Member States, out of which 19 (83%) responded. The work with this report was carried out for the European Research and Innovation Area Committee (ERAC) of the European Commission (DG RTD).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy in its series Papers in Innovation Studies with number 2014/8.

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    Length: 35 pages
    Date of creation: 02 Jun 2014
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:lucirc:2014_008

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    Postal: CIRCLE, Lund University, PO Box 117, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
    Phone: +46 (0) 46 222 74 68
    Web page: http://www.circle.lu.se/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Innovation; Innovation Policy; Holistic innovation policy; Research policy; The linear view; Systems of innovation;

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    1. Edquist, Charles, 2008. "Design of Innovation Policy through Diagnostic Analysis: Identification of Systemic Problems (or Failures)," CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers 2008/6, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    2. Edquist, Charles & Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, Jon Mikel, 2012. "Public Procurement for Innovation as mission-oriented innovation policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(10), pages 1757-1769.
    3. Cooke, Philip & Gomez Uranga, Mikel & Etxebarria, Goio, 1997. "Regional innovation systems: Institutional and organisational dimensions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4-5), pages 475-491, December.
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