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Human Capital, Demographics, and Growth across the US States 1920-1990

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  • Persson, Joakim

    (Institute for International Economic Studies, Stockholm University)

  • Malmberg, Bo

    (Institute for Building Research)

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    Abstract

    This paper finds robust evidence that age structure matters for subsequent growth in per capita income across the US states 1920-1990. The age groups 25-65 year are positively related to subsequent per capita income growth. Another conclusion is that the average years of schooling affects subsequent per capita income growth positively when age structure is controlled for. Moreover, the estimated speed of convergence (see e.g. Barro and Sala-i-Martin, 1992) increases substantially when schooling and age structure are held constant in the income growth regressions.

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    File URL: http://su.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:327490/FULLTEXT01
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies in its series Seminar Papers with number 619.

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    Length: 21 pages
    Date of creation: 30 Oct 1997
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:iiessp:0619

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    Postal: Institute for International Economic Studies, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Phone: +46-8-162000
    Fax: +46-8-161443
    Web page: http://www.iies.su.se/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Demographics; Human capital; Regions; Growth; Convergence;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Martin Feldstein & Charles Horioka, 1979. "Domestic Savings and International Capital Flows," NBER Working Papers 0310, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1994. "Regional Cohesion: Evidence and Theories of Regional Growth and Convergence," CEPR Discussion Papers 1075, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Mankiw, N Gregory & Romer, David & Weil, David N, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-37, May.
    4. Islam, Nazrul, 1995. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1127-70, November.
    5. Sala-i-Martin, X., 1994. "Regional Cohesion: Evidence and the Theories of Regional Growth and Convergence," Papers 716, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
    6. Casey B. Mulligan & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1995. "A Labor-Income-Based Measure of the Value of Human Capital: An Application to the States of the United States," NBER Working Papers 5018, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
    8. Lindh, T. & Malmberg, B., 1995. "Human Capital, Age Structure, and Growth in OECD , 1950- 1990," Papers 1995-10, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
    9. Michael Sarel, 1995. "Demographic Dynamics and the Empirics of Economic Growth," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 42(2), pages 398-410, June.
    10. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-51, April.
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