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Domestic vs. International Spillovers: Evidence from Swedish Firm Level Data

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  • Poldahl, Andreas

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    (ESI)

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the association between total factor productivity growth and the R&D expenditures of Swedish manufacturing firms in the presence of domestic- and international R&D spillovers. The paper assumes that the principal channel of transmission of new technology is through I/O relations. Econometric evidence suggests that international as well as domestic inter-industry R&D spillovers are important determinants of firms’ productivity growth in the long run. The R&D spillovers generated within the industry and following I/O links seem to be of minor importance in explaining productivity growth. It seems likely that within-industry productivity spillovers follow other channels than I/O flows, such as horizontal spillovers through copying of new products and processes, or labour turnover. The use of a convergence parameter is one way to check for such within-industry technology flows. Our results indicate that a catch-up process exists by which the non-frontier firms in the Swedish manufacturing sector absorb knowledge spillovers from the leading firms in the industry. Finally, a firm’s own R&D efforts are found to be more or less positively correlated with the TFP growth, maybe the contribution from R&D efforts in some sense are underestimated.

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    File URL: http://swopec.hhs.se/fiefwp/papers/WP200.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Trade Union Institute for Economic Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 200.

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    Length: 22 pages
    Date of creation: 17 Dec 2004
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:fiefwp:0200

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    Keywords: TFP growth; R&D expenditures; Convergence; R&D spillovers;

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    6. repec:att:wimass:9620 is not listed on IDEAS
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    15. Lichtenberg, Frank R. & Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Bruno v., 1998. "International R&D spillovers: A comment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(8), pages 1483-1491, September.
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    20. Richard Blundell & Rachel Griffith & John Van Reenen, 1994. "Dynamic count data models of technological innovation," IFS Working Papers W94/10, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    21. Pierre Mohnen, 1992. "International R&D Spillovers," Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM 9208, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
    22. Ejermo, Olof, 2004. "Productivity Spillovers of R&D in Sweden," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 15, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    23. M. Ishaq Nadiri, 1993. "Innovations and Technological Spillovers," NBER Working Papers 4423, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    25. Gustavsson, Patrik & Poldahl, Andreas, 2003. "Determinants of Firm R&D: Evidence from Swedish Firm Level Data," Working Paper Series 190, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
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