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On 'Indirect' Trade-Related R&D Spillovers

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  • Lumenga-Neso, Olivier
  • Olarreaga, Marcelo
  • Schiff, Maurice

Abstract

An influential literature argues that trade promotes knowledge flows and technology transmission between trading partners. This literature focuses on ‘direct’ R&D spillovers which are related to the levels of R&D produced by the trading partners. In this paper we argue that ‘indirect’ trade-related R&D spillovers also take place between countries, even if they do not trade with each other. These ‘indirect’ spillovers are associated with available rather than with produced levels of R&D. Our empirical results suggest that these ‘indirect’ trade-related spillovers are at least as important as the ‘direct’ ones, and strengthen the view that trade does matter for the international transmission of R&D. They also suggest that, due to the existence of these ‘indirect’ effects, bilateral trade patterns are relatively less important as determinants of the level of foreign R&D spillovers acquired through trade.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 2871.

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Date of creation: Jun 2001
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2871

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Keywords: direct; indirect foreign R&D spillovers;

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References

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  1. Keller, W., 1996. "Are International R&D Spillovers Trade-Related? Analyzing Spillovers Among Randomly Matched Trade Partners," Working papers 9607, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  2. Keller, Wolfgang, 2000. "Do Trade Patterns and Technology Flows Affect Productivity Growth?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(1), pages 17-47, January.
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  14. Navaretti, Giorgio Barba & Tarr, David G, 2000. "International Knowledge Flows and Economic Performance: A Review of the Evidence," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(1), pages 1-15, January.
  15. Douglas A. Irwin & Marko Tervio, 2000. "Does Trade Raise Income? Evidence from the Twentieth Century," NBER Working Papers 7745, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Engle, Robert F & Granger, Clive W J, 1987. "Co-integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation, and Testing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 251-76, March.
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  18. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
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