Heterogeneity matters: labour productivity differentiated by age and skills
AbstractThis study aims at evaluating the actual profile of marginal productivity across the age groups within the workforce. As age-productivity profile might differ between occupations, we differentiate the workforce simultaneously by skills (low-skilled, high-skilled) and by age (young, middle-aged, old). Estimating a production function with a nested constant-elasticity-of-substitution (CES) specification in labour allows the imperfect substitution between different categories of workers. We use French dataset for manufacturing, services and trade sectors. Labour productivity is found to be the lowest for the low-skilled older workers while high-skilled senior employees in manufacturing and trade are the most productive group. Throughout the sectors, wage rates vary considerably less than productivity and wage profiles are steeper for high-skilled workers. The relative productivity over wage ratio is found to be sector-specific. It is the highest for young workers in manufacturing while in services and trade it is the highest for the mid-age employees.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00575086.
Date of creation: Nov 2009
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Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00575086/en/
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ageing ; older workers ; labour productivity ; CES production function ; endogeneity;
Other versions of this item:
- M. Roger & M. Wasmer, 2011. "Heterogeneity matters: labour productivity differentiated by age and skills," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2011-04, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
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