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Pouvoirs et monnaie durant la seconde guerre mondiale en France : la monnaie subordonnée au politique

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  • Jérôme Blanc

    ()
    (LEFI - Laboratoire d'Economie de la Firme et des Institutions - Université Lumière - Lyon II : EA4012)

Abstract

La façon dont la monnaie a été transformée durant la seconde Guerre mondiale en France est exemplaire d'une subordination du monétaire au politique. Trois systèmes de pouvoir se déploient : la puissance occupante, le régime de Vichy et celui de la France Libre. Chacun tend à s'assurer la maîtrise de l'institution monétaire : essentiellement par le compte et le régime de monnayage pour le premier, établissant les conditions de drainage des ressources françaises au service de l'Allemagne ; uniquement par les moyens de paiement pour le second, qui de ce fait ne parvient qu'à restaurer une souveraineté monétaire nominale ; et par cet ensemble d'éléments pour le troisième, qui parvient, au bout de plusieurs années, à restaurer une souveraineté monétaire réelle. Là se jouent deux types de crises monétaires : une première est liée à la subordination conflictuelle du régime de Vichy à l'occupant allemand, et se fonde centralement sur un conflit relatif au monnayage ; une seconde est liée à l'articulation conflictuelle des gouvernements de la Libération avec les alliées anglo-saxons, et se fonde centralement sur un conflit relatif aux moyens de paiement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00652826.

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Date of creation: 19 Jun 2008
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Publication status: Published - Presented, International conference on War, Money and Finance, " Monetary and Financial Structures: The Impact of Political Unrests and Wars ", 2008, Paris, Nanterre, France
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00652826

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Keywords: Monnaie; souveraineté; légitimité; seconde guerre mondiale; France;

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  1. Occhino, Filippo & Oosterlinck, Kim & White, Eugene N., 2008. "How Much Can a Victor Force the Vanquished to Pay? France under the Nazi Boot," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 68(01), pages 1-45, March.
  2. Eugene N. White & Filippo Occhino & Kim Oosterlinck, 2007. "How Occupied France Financed Its Own Exploitation in World War II," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 295-299, May.
  3. repec:ulb:ulbeco:2013/6699 is not listed on IDEAS
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