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Working time policy in France

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  • Pierre Boisard

    ()
    (IDHE - Institutions et Dynamiques Historiques de l'Economie - CNRS : UMR8533 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I - Université Paris VIII Vincennes-Saint Denis - Université de Paris X - Nanterre - École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan)

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    Abstract

    Working time has always been considered in France to be an area of responsibility for the State. TheActs on the 35-hour working week come therefore from a long tradition of State intervention toregulate employment and working conditions. This particular configuration is not found in otherEuropean countries.In this paper is presented the French specificity: a work sharing logic supported by the State. The aimat generating employment through a legal reduction of working time brought the government to drawup an extremely complex set of Acts. These one are not restricted to defining legal work duration;they also advocate reductions in social contributions and give a precise framework to negotiatecollective agreements.A synthesis of the consequences of the 35-hour Act shows that the effects on employment are limited(creation of 300,000 jobs), that social relations did not improve and that inequalities amongemployees were accentuated

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    File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/40/07/03/PDF/working_time_policy.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00400703.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00400703

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00400703/en/
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    Related research

    Keywords: réduction du temps de travail; intervention de l'État; négociation collective; créationd'emplois; conditions de vie et de travail; partage du travail; semaine de 35 heures;

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    1. Crépon, Bruno & Kramarz, Francis, 2000. "Employed 40 Hours or Not Employed 39: Lessons from the 1982 Mandatory Reduction of the Workweek," CEPR Discussion Papers 2358, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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