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Brésil-Argentine : effets statiques et dynamiques de l'intégration commerciale

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Author Info

  • Jérôme Trotignon

    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

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    Abstract

    L'intégration commerciale de l'Argentine et du Brésil est-elle favorable à leur insertion dans l'économie mondiale ? L'approche statique souligne les coûts élevés de certaines productions, qui font l'objet d'échanges accrus à l'abri du TEC du Mercosur. Or, la progression simultanée des préférences régionales et des avantages comparatifs révélés de certaines branches montre que l'essor du commerce régional peut être compatible avec les performances multilatérales. L'approche dynamique intègre l'essor du commerce intrabranche bilatéral et permet de déceler des gains de compétitivité dus à l'intensification de la concurrence et aux économies d'échelle. Le contexte du nouveau régionalisme est propice aux effets concurrentiels : la convergence de long terme des préférences régionales et multilatérales s'accompagne d'une ouverture aux investissements étrangers. Les grands groupes renouvellent les méthodes d'organisation et de production du complexe automobile, sans toutefois réorienter leur stratégie vers d'autres marchés que ceux d'Amérique latine.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00179978.

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    Date of creation: 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00179978

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00179978/en/
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    Related research

    Keywords: avantage comparatif révélé; commerce intrabranche; complexe automobile; investissements directs; libéralisation commerciale; préférence régionale;

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    1. Lancaster, Kelvin, 1980. "Intra-industry trade under perfect monopolistic competition," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 151-175, May.
    2. Ethier, Wilfred J, 1982. "National and International Returns to Scale in the Modern Theory of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 389-405, June.
    3. Jean-Louis Mucchielli & B. Lassudrie-Duchêne, 1979. "Les échanges intra-branche et la hiérarchisation des avantages comparés dans le commerce international," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 30(3), pages 442-486.
    4. Yeats, Alexander, 1997. "Does Mercosur's trade performance raise concerns about the effects of regional trade arrangements?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1729, The World Bank.
    5. Ethier, Wilfred J, 1998. "The New Regionalism," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(449), pages 1149-61, July.
    6. Mauro Arruda & José Ricardo Tauile & Jorge Fagundes, 1995. "A indústria de autopeças: perspectivas para a década de 90," Revista Brasileira de Economia, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 49(3), pages 499-520, July.
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