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Managing grasslands biodiversity at a landscape level to foster ecosystem services in intensive cereal systems: from ecological knowledge to collective action

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Author Info

  • Vincent Bretagnolle

    ()
    (CEBC - Centre d'études biologiques de Chizé - CNRS : UPR1934)

  • Elsa Berthet

    ()
    (SADAPT - Sciences pour l'Action et le Développement : Activités, Produits, Territoires - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) : UMR1048 - AgroParisTech, CGS - Centre de Gestion Scientifique - École Nationale Supérieure des Mines - Paris (ParisTech))

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    Abstract

    Effective solutions for integrating agricultural development and conservation of biodiversity at the landscape scale remain to be identified. We present a case study in an intensively farmed French cereal plain, where the reintroduction of grasslands has been proposed first for conservation purposes in order to protect the Little Bustard, a highly threatened bird species. In these highly fragmented and disturbed habitats, the presence, abundance and distribution of grasslands therefore have a critical role in ecological and environmental regulatory processes. To restore these processes, it is critical to rationalize the inclusion of grasslands in the cropping system (in time, space and according to management practices). However, currently, grasslands are severely depleted by farmers who privilege cereal crops for economic reasons . We therefore raise the issue of whether crop allocation at the landscape scale can be changed without public funding, in order to increase the proportion of grasslands. A solution explored here is to identify the interdependencies between farmers related to the ecosystem services grasslands provide at the landscape scale. The recognition of grassland emergent functions when considered at the landscape scale gives them a status of common good: a good that should be collectively managed to maximize ecosystem services. This consideration leads to involve new stakeholders such as citizens, scientists, government bodies or NGOs in the collective management of grasslands and opens an innovative way to reconcile agriculture and conservation at the landscape scale.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00781244.

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    Date of creation: 08 Oct 2012
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    Publication status: Published - Presented, Second International Symposium on Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems, 2012, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00781244

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal-ensmp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00781244
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    Related research

    Keywords: Agro-ecosystem; ecosystem services; grasslands; cereal crops; biodiversity; design; collective action; commons;

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    1. Stallman, Heidi R., 2011. "Ecosystem services in agriculture: Determining suitability for provision by collective management," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 131-139.
    2. Goldman, Rebecca L. & Thompson, Barton H. & Daily, Gretchen C., 2007. "Institutional incentives for managing the landscape: Inducing cooperation for the production of ecosystem services," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 333-343, December.
    3. Swinton, Scott M. & Lupi, Frank & Robertson, G. Philip & Hamilton, Stephen K., 2007. "Ecosystem services and agriculture: Cultivating agricultural ecosystems for diverse benefits," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 245-252, December.
    4. Elinor Ostrom, 2000. "Collective Action and the Evolution of Social Norms," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 137-158, Summer.
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