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Environmental Policy and International Trade

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Author Info

  • McKibbin, W.J.
  • Wilcoxen, P.J.

Abstract

This paper explores the empirical link between environmental policy and international trade. Using an estimated global simulation model, the paper focusses on the extent to which international trade flows are redirected as a result of unilateral versus multilateral taxes on the emission of carbon dioxide. We find that a carbon tax in the United States produces little redirection of trade either in the short run or the long run because electric power generation and local transportation are by far the most carbon intensive activities and both are largely non-traded. We also illustrate the importance of the assumptions about the way in which the revenue from the carbon tax is recycled. We find that the revenue recycling assumption has important macroeconomic implications for saving and investment balances and therefore for the adjustment of trade flows.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Brookings Institution - Working Papers in its series Papers with number 117.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 1995
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fth:brooki:117

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Postal: THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION, 1775 MASSACHUSETTS AVE N.W. WASHINGTON D.C. 20036 U.S.A.
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Web page: http://www.brook.edu/
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Related research

Keywords: ENVIRONMENT; INTERNATIONAL TRADE; POLLUTION; TAXES;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Warwick J McKibbin & Robert Shackleton & Peter J Wilcoxen, 1998. "The Potential Effects of International Carbon Emissions Permit Trading," Departmental Working Papers 1998-09, The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics.
  2. Warwick J. McKibbin & Robert Shackleton & Peter J. Wilcoxen, 1998. "The Potential Effects of International Carbon Emissions Permit Trading Under the Kyoto Protocol," Economics and Environment Network Working Papers 9805, Australian National University, Economics and Environment Network.
  3. McKibbin, Warwick J., 1998. "Greenhouse abatement policy: insights from the G-cubed multi-country model," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 42(1), March.
  4. Warwick J. McKibbin & Martin T. Ross & Robert Shackleton & Peter J. Wilcoxen, 1999. "Emissions Trading, Capital Flows and the Kyoto Protocol," Economics and Environment Network Working Papers 9901, Australian National University, Economics and Environment Network.
  5. Martin, Will, 2000. "Reducing carbon dioxide emissions through joint implementation of projects," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2359, The World Bank.
  6. McKibbin, W.J. & Salvatore, D., 1995. "The Global Economic Consequences of the Uruguay Round," Papers 110, Brookings Institution - Working Papers.
  7. Liddle, Brantley, 2001. "Free trade and the environment-development system," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 21-36, October.
  8. McKibbin, W.J. & Bok, T.J., 1995. "The Impact on the Asia-Pacific Region of Fiscal Policy in the United States and Japan," Papers 120, Brookings Institution - Working Papers.
  9. Warwick J. McKibbin & Peter J. Wilcoxen, 1999. "Permit Trading Under the Kyoto Protocol and Beyond," Economics and Environment Network Working Papers 9902, Australian National University, Economics and Environment Network.

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