Comparing the evolution of spatial inequality in China and India: a fifty-year perspective
Abstract"In the second half of the last century, both India and China have undergone major transitions and have moved to more liberalized economies. This paper relates the observed patterns in regional inequality to major events during this period. Because of China's institutional barriers to migration, regional inequality is much higher than in India. Also, China's decentralization and opening up are closely related to the observed regional inequality – particularly the inland-coastal disparity – since the reform period. From the Green Revolution age to the period of economic liberalization in India, the evolution of regional comparative advantage has shifted from the quality of land to the level of human capital as India integrates with the international market. Therefore, India's states have become clustered into two clubs: more educated and less educated ones." Authors' Abstract
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series DSGD discussion papers with number 44.
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Liberalization; Liberalized economies; Regional inequality; Migration; Decentralization; Green Revolution; Economic conditions; International economic relations; Human capital; Spatial inequality;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-03-24 (All new papers)
- NEP-CNA-2007-03-24 (China)
- NEP-CWA-2007-03-24 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-DEV-2007-03-24 (Development)
- NEP-GEO-2007-03-24 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-HIS-2007-03-24 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-TRA-2007-03-24 (Transition Economics)
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