Pricing-to-market and business cycle synchronization
AbstractThere is substantial evidence that countries or regions with stronger trade linkages tend to have business cycles which are more synchronized. However, the standard international business cycle framework cannot replicate this finding. In this paper we study a multiple- country model of international trade with imperfect competition and variable markups and embed it into a real business cycle framework by including aggregate technology shocks and allowing for variable labor supply. The model is successful at replicating the empirical relation between trade and business cycle synchronization. High trade costs increase the real exchange rate volatility because firms choose to price-to-market and this volatility decouples countries' business cycle fluctuations. We find empirical evidence supporting this mechanism.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in its series Working Papers with number 2010-038.
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-11-27 (All new papers)
- NEP-BEC-2010-11-27 (Business Economics)
- NEP-CBA-2010-11-27 (Central Banking)
- NEP-DGE-2010-11-27 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-INT-2010-11-27 (International Trade)
- NEP-MAC-2010-11-27 (Macroeconomics)
- NEP-OPM-2010-11-27 (Open Economy Macroeconomics)
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