Preferential Market Access Design: Evidence and Lessons from African Apparel Exports to the US and to the EU
AbstractLeast developing countries (LDC) rely on preferential market access which is mechanically eroded by the tariff reductions by grantor countries to other countries. Effective market access depends on the severity of the Rules of Origin that have to be met to qualify for these preferences. These Rules of Origin have turned out to be complicated and burdensome for LDC exporters. Since 2001, under the US Africa Growth Opportunity Act (AGOA), 22 African countries exporting apparel to the US can use fabric from any origin and still meet the criterion for preferential access (single transformation), while the European Union continued to require yarn to be woven into fabric and then made-up into apparel in the same country (double transformation).
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by FERDI in its series Working Papers with number P47.
Date of creation: Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Jaime de MELO & Alberto PORTUGAL-PEREZ, 2012. "Preferential Market Access Design: Evidence and Lessons from African Apparel Exports to the US and to the EU," Working Papers P47, FERDI.
- Jaime de Melo & Alberto Portugal-Perez, 2011. "Preferential Market Access Design: Evidence and Lessons from African Apparel Exports to the US and to the EU," Research Papers by the Institute of Economics and Econometrics, Geneva School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva 11091, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève.
- F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
- F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
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