Changes in Income Distributions and the Role of Tax-benefit Policy During the Great Recession: An International Perspective
AbstractThis paper examines the impact on inequality and poverty of the economic crisis in four European countries, namely France, Germany, the UK and Ireland, and the contribution of tax and benefit policy changes. The period examined, 2008 to 2010, was one of great economic turmoil, yet it is unclear whether changes in inequality and poverty rates over this time period were mainly driven by changes in market income distributions or by tax- benefit policy reforms. We disentangle these effects by producing counterfactual ("no reform") scenarios using tax-benefit microsimulation and representative household surveys of each country. For the period under study, we find that the policy reaction has contributed to stabilizing or even decreasing inequality and relative poverty in the UK, France and especially in Ireland, a country where rising unemployment would have otherwise increased poverty. Market income inequality has nonetheless pushed up inequality and relative poverty in France. Relative poverty and, notably, child poverty, have increased in Germany due to policy responses combined with the increasing inequality of market income.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) in its series Papers with number WP474.
Date of creation: Jan 2014
Date of revision:
Tax-benefit policy; Inequality; Poverty; Decomposition; Microsimulation; Crisis.;
Other versions of this item:
- Bargain, Olivier & Callan, Tim & Doorley, Karina & Keane, Claire, 2013. "Changes in Income Distributions and the Role of Tax-Benefit Policy During the Great Recession: An International Perspective," IZA Discussion Papers 7737, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
- H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
- I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2014-03-01 (All new papers)
- NEP-EUR-2014-03-01 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-LTV-2014-03-01 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
- NEP-PBE-2014-03-01 (Public Economics)
- NEP-PUB-2014-03-01 (Public Finance)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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