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Can in-work benefits improve social inclusion in the southern European countries?

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  • Figari, Francesco

Abstract

This paper analyses the effects of implementing a family-based and an individually-based in-work benefit in the Southern European Countries using EUROMOD, the EU-wide tax-benefit microsimulation model. In-Work Benefits (IWBs) are means-tested cash transfers given to individuals, through the tax system, conditional on their employment status. They are intended to enhance the incentives to accept work and redistribute resources to low income groups. The research confirms the presence of a trade off between the redistributive and the incentive effects of the different policies. Family-based in-work benefits are better targeted on the poorest households, in particular in Italy and Portugal. Individually-based policies lead to greater incentives to work, in particular in Italy and in Greece. Individually-based IWBs seem to be more efficient if the enhancement of the labour market participation of women in couples is of fundamental concern.

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File URL: https://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/publications/working-papers/euromod/em4-09.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research in its series EUROMOD Working Papers with number EM4/09.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2009
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Publication status: published
Handle: RePEc:ese:emodwp:em4-09

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  1. Immervoll, Herwig & Pearson, Mark, 2009. "A Good Time for Making Work Pay? Taking Stock of In-Work Benefits and Related Measures across the OECD," IZA Policy Papers, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 3, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Owens, Jeffrey, 2006. "Fundamental Tax Reform: An International Perspective," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, National Tax Association, vol. 59(1), pages 131-64, March.
  3. Brewer, Mike & Duncan, Alan & Shephard, Andrew & Suarez, Maria Jose, 2006. "Did working families' tax credit work? The impact of in-work support on labour supply in Great Britain," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 699-720, December.
  4. R. V. Burkhauser & K. A. Couch & A. J. Glenn, . "Public policies for the working poor: The earned income tax credit versus minimum wage legislation," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty 1074-95, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
  5. Marco Francesconi & Wilbert van der Klaauw, 2007. "The Socioeconomic Consequences of "In-Work" Benefit Reform for British Lone Mothers," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 42(1).
  6. Eissa, Nada & Hoynes, Hilary, 2011. "Redistribution And Tax Expenditures: The Earned Income Tax Credit," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, National Tax Association, vol. 64(2), pages 689-729, June.
  7. Peter Haan & Michal Myck, 2007. "Apply with Caution: Introducing UK-Style In-Work Support in Germany," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 28(1), pages 43-72, 03.
  8. repec:ese:iserwp:2011-15 is not listed on IDEAS
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Cited by:
  1. Ive Marx & Brian Nolan, 2012. "GINI DP 51: In-Work Poverty," GINI Discussion Papers, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies 51, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.

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