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The Gendered Aspects of MSEs in MENA: Evidence from Egypt and Turkey


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  • Fatma El-Hamidi

    (University of Pittsburgh)

  • Cem Baslevent


This study attempts to shed light on the gendered aspect of MSEs (i.e. how the sectors of activities, income, growth, etc. differ by the gender of the entrepreneur) and tests some of the main claims of the rather modest available literature by means of an econometric analysis. The empirical work utilizes nationally representative MSE surveys conducted for Turkey and Egypt in 2001 and 2003 respectively (for brevity, we hereafter use “E&T” to refer to “Egypt and Turkey”). The working sample has 4136 and 4238 permanent establishments located in the urban areas of Egypt and Turkey, respectively. By identifying the sectors and types of activities females are more likely to thrive in, this study calls attention to those sectors where direct intervention by the government will be more effective, and provide some guidance for making proposals to further reduce the extent of gender-differences and practices in MSEs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economic Research Forum in its series Working Papers with number 535.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2010
Date of revision: Aug 2010
Publication status: Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)
Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:535

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  1. Ruta Aidis, 2002. "Why less? The Gendered Aspects of Small- and Medium-sized Enterprise (SME) Ownership under Economic Transition," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 02-055/2, Tinbergen Institute.
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Cited by:
  1. Fatma El-Hamidi, 2011. "How Do Women Entrepreneurs Perform? Empirical Evidence from Egypt," Working Papers 23, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium.


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