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Institutions and Organizational Socialization: Integrating Employees in Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions

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  • Aguilera, Ruth V.

    (U of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

  • Dencker, John C.

    (U of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

  • Yalabik, Zeynep Y.

    (U of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

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    Abstract

    There is a consensus within the Merger and Acquisition (M&A) literature that acquisitions fail during the integration phase, in large part due to neglect of social factors such as differences in rules, norms, and values across organizations. Thus, a crucial part of successful integration is whether firms can socialize employees effectively into the newly merged entity so that they learn accepted ways of behaving in that organization. This effect is exacerbated for cross-border M&As. Yet, there is little theory and practical advice on how to successfully manage post-M&A integration. We draw on institutional and socialization theories to develop a framework that identifies the most salient institutions involved in the socialization of employees during the post-acquisition integration process and apply this model to the international dimension. We conclude by presenting managerial implications of our model and suggestions for future research.

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    File URL: http://www.business.illinois.edu/Working_Papers/papers/06-0112.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Business in its series Working Papers with number 06-0112.

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    Date of creation: May 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:ecl:illbus:06-0112

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    Web page: http://www.business.uiuc.edu/Working_Papers/Main.asp
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    1. Schuler, Randall & Jackson, Susan, 2001. "HR issues and activities in mergers and acquisitions," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 239-253, June.
    2. Checkel, Jeffrey T., 2005. "International Institutions and Socialization in Europe: Introduction and Framework," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 59(04), pages 801-826, October.
    3. Piero Morosini & Scott Shane & Harbir Singh, 1998. "National Cultural Distance and Cross-Border Acquisition Performance," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 29(1), pages 137-158, March.
    4. Hitt, Michael A. & Harrison, Jeffrey S. & Ireland, R. Duane, 2001. "Mergers and Acquisitions: A Guide to Creating Value for Stakeholders," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195112856, September.
    5. Inzerilli, Giorgio & Rosen, Michael, 1983. "Culture and organizational control," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 281-292, September.
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