Tackling Climate Change At Home: Trends and Challenges in Enhancing Energy Efficiency in Buildings
AbstractA significant percentage of greenhouse gas emissions results from the need to heat and cool buildings and to provide power to household appliances. The potential for energy savings in this sector is considerable with estimates that energy use could be cut by almost a third simply by implementing currently cost-effective measures. The gains are particularly large in the former transition economies of eastern Europe, as energy costs there used to be subsidized and the inefficiencies inherent in central planning led to a poorly designed housing stock. In addition, in a number of these economies, even buildings currently being constructed are inadequately designed for energy efficiency. The benefits of increasing efficiency do not just translate into social objectives such as reducing carbon emissions but accrue directly to households by lowering their energy bills. Housing policy also has an indirect impact on emissions by affecting land-use decisions which can lead to deforestation and increased transport. Often there are major losses in just getting the energy from the power plants to the buildings.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by UNECE in its series UNECE Annual Report Economic Essays with number 2009_5.
Length: 10 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in United Nations ECE 2009 Annual Report
Climate change; global warming; energy efficiency; housing;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- P25 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics
- P28 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Natural Resources; Environment
- Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
- Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
- Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters
- Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
- R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
- R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Systems - - - Government Pricing and Policy
- R52 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Land Use and Other Regulations
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