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Tackling Climate Change At Home: Trends and Challenges in Enhancing Energy Efficiency in Buildings

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Author Info

  • Paola Deda

    ()
    (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

  • George Georgiadis

    ()
    (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

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    Abstract

    A significant percentage of greenhouse gas emissions results from the need to heat and cool buildings and to provide power to household appliances. The potential for energy savings in this sector is considerable with estimates that energy use could be cut by almost a third simply by implementing currently cost-effective measures. The gains are particularly large in the former transition economies of eastern Europe, as energy costs there used to be subsidized and the inefficiencies inherent in central planning led to a poorly designed housing stock. In addition, in a number of these economies, even buildings currently being constructed are inadequately designed for energy efficiency. The benefits of increasing efficiency do not just translate into social objectives such as reducing carbon emissions but accrue directly to households by lowering their energy bills. Housing policy also has an indirect impact on emissions by affecting land-use decisions which can lead to deforestation and increased transport. Often there are major losses in just getting the energy from the power plants to the buildings.

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    File URL: http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/oes/nutshell/2009/5_ClimateChangeatHome.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2009
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by UNECE in its series UNECE Annual Report Economic Essays with number 2009_5.

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    Length: 10 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2009
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in United Nations ECE 2009 Annual Report
    Handle: RePEc:ece:annrep:2009_5

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    Keywords: Climate change; global warming; energy efficiency; housing;

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