Insecurities of the old and marginalized : Inflation, Oil Shocks, Financial Crisis and Social Security
AbstractThe paper examines the impact of recent inflation and financial shocks on the vulnerable, and explores policy design to reduce both future shocks and vulnerability to shocks. Inflation affects the typical savings cum pension portfolio and the specific consumption basket of the old, as prices of services rise compared to manufactured goods. Money illusion and habit, which tend to increase with age, aggravate the psychological trauma associated with inflation. The decline of traditional sources of social security marginalizes those without savings, in the context of sustained ruralurban and international migration. Trends determining inflationdomestic and global, institutional change, and greater openness explain why inflation has been moderate in India, compared to other emerging markets. Since the polity is averse to high inflation, and commodity price shocks are moderating, high inflation will not persist. But the shocks demonstrate the importance of food price inflation for aggregate inflation in populous South Asia. Therefore improvements in agricultural productivity, with supportive buffer stock, fiscal and monetary policy are critical to lower the level of chronic inflation. Regulatory changes to reduce excessive risktaking in financial markets and the aggravation of inflation from speculation are examined. Finally, other policy measures to improve security for the old and keep them an active, vital part of the community are drawn together.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by East Asian Bureau of Economic Research in its series Finance Working Papers with number 22933.
Date of creation: Jan 2009
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Aged; inflation; Oil shocks; financial crisis; social security;
Other versions of this item:
- Ashima Goyal, 2009. "Insecurities of the old and marginalized: Inflation, oil shocks, financial crisis and social security," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India 2009-003, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
- Ashima Goyal, 2009. "Insecurities of the Old and Marginalized: Inflation, Oil Shocks, Financial Crisis and Social Security," Working Papers, eSocialSciences id:1976, eSocialSciences.
- E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
- G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
- H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
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