Market power, Growth and Unemployment
AbstractUnemployment occurs when some agents, say unions, have control over the wage and set it above the market-clearing level. In other words, it is generated by their exercise of market power. What if, in addition, firms have control over prices in the product market? In this case, market power of wage setters interacts with market power of price setters. Understanding this interaction sheds new light on the effects of policy interventions on unemployment and growth. Reforms that result in lower labor costs reduce unemployment and boost growth because they expand the scale of the economy and generate more competition in the product market. The reduction in unemployment is larger than one would expect if the pro-competitive effect of the reforms were ignored. These reforms, thus, are even more attractive when one considers the endogenous structure of the product market. If they are implemented jointly with a reduction of barriers to innovation in the product market, an even larger reduction in unemployment and increase in growth is achieved.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Duke University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 00-21.
Date of creation: 2000
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Other versions of this item:
- E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
- L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
- O31 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
- O40 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
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