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Formation du revenu, segmentation et discrimination sur le marché du travail d'une ville en développement : Antananarivo fin de siècle


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  • Denis Cogneau

    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)


The paper proposes a micro-macro model of labour market of a developing city, and its empirical implementation on the case of the capital town of Madagascar, Antananarivo. The model recognises the existence of measured and unmeasured heterogeneity of skills, preferences and opportunities within even narrowly defined socio-demographic groups. Econometric estimates confirm the dualistic structure of the labour market, and reject the idea that the minimum wage legislation would be the major explanation of formal employment rationing. Historical simulations of the model allow a decomposition of the main shocks having marked the urban economy between 1995 and 1999. _________________________________ Cet article présente un modèle macro-micro-économétrique du marché du travail d'une ville en développement, et son application au cas de la capitale de Madagascar, Antananarivo, entre 1995 et 1999. Ce modèle reconnaît l'existence d'une forte hétérogénéité dans les rémunérations, les préférences et les opportunités d'emploi des individus, même au sein de catégories fines. Les estimations économétriques confirment la structure dualiste du marché du travail, et conduisent également à rejeter l'idée que la législation sur le salaire minimum constitue la cause principale du rationnement de l'emploi moderne. Des simulations historiques du modèle permettent une décomposition des principaux chocs ayant marqué l’économie urbaine entre 1995 et 1999.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2001/18.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200118

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Keywords: Urban Labor Market; Segmentation; Income Distribution; Poverty; Developing Countries; Madagascar; Marché du travail urbain; Segmentation; Pays en développement; Distribution du revenu; Pauvreté;

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Cited by:
  1. Jann Lay, 2010. "Sequential macro-micro modelling with behavioural microsimulations," International Journal of Microsimulation, Interational Microsimulation Association, vol. 3(1), pages 24-34.
  2. Cogneau, Denis & Robilliard, Anne-Sophie, 2008. "Simulating Targeted Policies with Macro Impacts: Poverty Alleviation Policies in Madagascar," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4460, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Colombo, Giulia, 2008. "Linking CGE and Microsimulation Models: A Comparison of Different Approaches," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-054, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  4. Adama Zerbo, 2006. "Marché du travail urbain et pauvreté en Afrique subsaharienne : un modèle d’analyse," Documents de travail 129, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  5. Traoré, Jean Abel, 2012. "Revisiting the determinants of informal sector in Burkina Faso," MPRA Paper 49006, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Derek Chen & Michael Grimm, 2004. "Linking Representative Household Models with Household Surveys for Poverty Analysis A Comparison of Alternative Methodologies," Development and Comp Systems 0405006, EconWPA.
  7. Giulia Colombo, 2010. "Linking CGE and microsimulation models: a comparison of different approaches," International Journal of Microsimulation, Interational Microsimulation Association, vol. 3(1), pages 72-91.


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