The Effects of Political Fragmentation on Fiscal Deficits in Turkey
AbstractRecent theoretical and empirical research has considered how differences in political arrangements affecting national policy formation might explain variation in fiscal policies pursued (Volkerink and de Haan, 2001). The experience of high government deficits of developed nations in the 1980s led researchers to analyze the reasons for this and among other factors they have argued that political variables could also explain budget deficits (Sutter, 2003). This study aims to investigate the effects of the political parties for fiscal deficits in Turkey for 1976-2004 period. Our results show that the most important variable in explaining the budget deficit to GDP ratio in Turkey is its lagged value. The political dispersion index variable, which measures the effect of the number of parties in the government in power, has proven to have a minor effect. Only the coalition governments with two or more parties are found to have higher budget deficit to GDP ratios. Ideology of the governments in power is important for the budget deficit to GDP ratio when it is considered with the number of parties in the government in power. In general, it can be said that polarization, fragmentation and ideology of the governments do not play an important role in explaining the budget deficit to GDP ratio.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Business, Department of Economics in its series Discussion Paper Series with number 05/02.
Length: 11 pages
Date of creation: 23 Nov 2005
Date of revision: 23 Nov 2005
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Web page: http://www.deu.edu.tr/DEUWeb/Icerik/Icerik.php?KOD=442
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Budget deficits; political fragmentation; dispersion indexes;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-07-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-CWA-2006-07-21 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-MAC-2006-07-21 (Macroeconomics)
- NEP-PBE-2006-07-21 (Public Economics)
- NEP-POL-2006-07-21 (Positive Political Economics)
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