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Der Einfluss der ‚Wende’ auf bildungsspezifische Fertilitätsunterschiede in Ostdeutschland

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  • Michaela Kreyenfeld

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

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    Abstract

    Auf Basis der Daten des Mikrozensus liefert dieser Artikel einen Überblick über den Einfluss der Bildung auf die Familiengründung in Ost- und Westdeutschland. Seit der Wende sind die bildungsspezifischen Unterschiede im Geburtenverhalten in Ost-deutschland größer geworden. Diese Differenzierung fällt jedoch für die jeweiligen Kohorten sehr unterschiedlich aus. Besonders die Kohorten 1966-1969 zeigen ein auffälliges Muster. Frauen dieser Jahrgänge, die einen POS-Abschluss hatten, haben meist noch zu DDR-Zeiten und damit relativ früh das erste Kind bekommen. Frauen mit einem Abitur haben nach der Wende – meist in einem relativ hohen Alter – eine Familie gegründet. Die Folge davon ist, dass die Wiedervereinigung die unterschiedlichen Bildungsgruppen zu unterschiedlichen Zeitpunkten in ihren Fertilitätskarrieren getroffen hat, was unmittelbar zu einer Zunahme der bil-dungsspezifischen Variationen im Erstgeburtverhalten geführt hat.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its series MPIDR Working Papers with number WP-2006-025.

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    Length: 30 pages
    Date of creation: Aug 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2006-025

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

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    Keywords: Germany; fertility;

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    1. James W. Albrecht & Per-Anders Edin & Marianne Sundström & Susan B. Vroman, 1999. "Career Interruptions and Subsequent Earnings: A Reexamination Using Swedish Data," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(2), pages 294-311.
    2. Siv Gustafsson, 2001. "Optimal age at motherhood. Theoretical and empirical considerations on postponement of maternity in Europe," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 225-247.
    3. Jan M. Hoem & Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2006. "Anticipatory analysis and its alternatives in life-course research," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 15(16), pages 461-484, November.
    4. Jan M. Hoem & Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2006. "Anticipatory analysis and its alternatives in life-course research," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 15(17), pages 485-498, November.
    5. Edward J. Bird & Johannes Schwarze & Gert Wagner, 1994. "Wage effects of the move toward free markets in East Germany," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 47(3), pages 390-400, April.
    6. Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1995. "Differences and Changes in Wage Structures," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number free95-1.
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