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Sectoral impact of free intra-EU migration in the presence of unemployment benefits

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  • Helena Marques
  • Hugh Metcalf

Abstract

This paper builds a multi-sector, three country (centre and two peripheries), New Economic Geography model, where industrial sectors differ in the degree of scale economies and skill-intensity. The model incorporates, for the first time in this class of models, payments to the unemployed in each country. The model is used to evaluate the impact of migration in the enlarged EU, and would also be directly relevant for the NAFTA countries, under a range of possible migration scenarios involving three types of workers: skilled, unskilled, and unemployed. Full migration is the only scenario in which the central country obtains an increase in both skilled and unskilled wages and employment levels. The obverse is true for the two peripheral countries, they lose firms and real wages decline. As a consequence, the central country has an interest in allowing for full migration but the two peripheral countries have an interest in restricting migration.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade in its series DEGIT Conference Papers with number c010_034.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:deg:conpap:c010_034

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Keywords: new economic geography; migration; EU enlargement; unemployment; human capital;

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  1. Diego Puga & Anthony J. Venables, 1995. "Preferential Trading Arrangements and Industrial Location," CEP Discussion Papers dp0267, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Puga, Diego, 1999. "The rise and fall of regional inequalities," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 303-334, February.
  3. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J., 1996. "Integration, specialization, and adjustment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 959-967, April.
  4. Baldwin, R.E. & Forslid, R. & Haaland, J.I. & Knarvik, K.H.M., 2000. "EU Integration and Outsiders. A Simulation Study of industrial Location," Papers 2/2000, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  5. Masahisa Fujita & Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 2001. "The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262561476, December.
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