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Comportements d'’utilisation du temps non marchand des familles au Québec et au Canada : une modélisation sur les micro-données du Budget-temps de 1986 et de 1992

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This paper analyses non-market time uses by two-parent families with at least one child aged less than 18 years, and the sharing of parental and domestic tasks between men and women. The analysis is based on data from Statistic Canada's 1986 and 1992 Surveys on the Use on Time by Canadians. The econometric model examines the determinants of time dedicated directly and indirectly by parents to their children. The empirical analysis also studies differences between Québec and the Rest of Canada in the uses of time. The statistical results suggest that age and number of children, parent’' education and their labour market status are the main factors of time allowed to different non market activitivies for each gender. The study shows that parents invest much non-market time in their children when they are young, which has some implications for a public policy supportive of families. Cette étude analyse les comportements d'’utilisation du temps non marchand dans les familles biparentales avec au moins un enfant âgé de 18 ans ou moins ainsi que le partage des tâches parentales et domestiques entre les hommes et les femmes. Elle s'’appuie sur les microdonnée de l'’Enquête sociale générale, réalisée par Statistique Canada, portant sur l'’emploi du temps des Canadiens et des Canadiennes en 1986 et en 1992. La modélisation économétrique porte sur les facteurs qui expliquent le temps consacré par les parents directement et indirectement à leur(s) enfant(s). L'’analyse examine également les différences d'’utilisation du temps entre le Québec et le reste du Canada. Il ressort des résultats de l'’analyse statistique que l'’âge et le nombred'’enfants, le niveau de scolarité des parents et leur statut sur le marché du travail sont des déterminants importants du temps consacré à différentes activités non marchandes selon le sexe. L'’étude montre que les parents investissent beaucoup de temps dans les enfants lorsque ceux-ci sont jeunes, ce qui n'’est pas sans implications sur la politique publique de soutien aux familles.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal in its series Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers with number 86.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Apr 1999
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Handle: RePEc:cre:crefwp:86

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Keywords: Non-market time allocation; child care; economics of gender; public policy.;

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  1. Roderic Beaujot, 1997. "Parental Preferences for Work and Childcare," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 23(3), pages 275-288, September.
  2. Juster, F. Thomas & Stafford, Frank P., 1990. "The Allocation of Time: Empirical Findings, Behavioural Models, and Problems of Measurement," Working Paper Series 258, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  3. Kooreman, P. & Kapteyn, A.J., 1987. "A disaggregrated analysis of the allocation of time within the household," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-364357, Tilburg University.
  4. Gustafsson, Bjorn & Kjulin, Urban, 1994. "Time Use in Child Care and Housework and the Total Cost of Children," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 287-306, July.
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