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Estimating the Intergenerational Education Correlation from a Dynamic Programming Model

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  • Christian Belzil

    ()

  • Jörgen Hansen

    ()

Abstract

Using a structural dynamic programming model, we investigate the relative importance of initial household human capital endowments and unobserved individual abilities in explaining cross-sectional differences in schooling attainments and wages. We evaluate the true intergenerational education correlation and the effect of an exogenous increase in human capital of the current generation on schooling attainments of the next generation. We find that the variation in schooling attainments explained by differences in household human capital is twice as large as the variation explained by unobserved abilities. However, the variation in labor market wages explained by differences in unobserved abilities is 3 times larger than the variation explained by household human capital endowments. We also find that the true partial correlations between son and father's schooling and between son and mother's education are respectively 17% and 40% lower than the sample correlations. Increasing the level of schooling of the current generation by one year raises schooling attainments of the next generation by 0.4 year. ¸ l'aide d'un modèle de programmation dynamique, nous analysons l'importance relative des antécédents familiaux et de l'habilité non-observée dans la détermination du niveau de scolarité et des salaires. Nous évaluons aussi la corrélation intergénérationelle au niveau de l'éducation et déterminons l'effet d'une augmentation exogène du niveau de scolarité de la génération présente sur le niveau d'éducation de la génération future.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2001s-20.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 2001
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2001s-20

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Keywords: Intergenerational education correlation; returns to education; household human capital; growth; schooling decision; Corrélation intergénérationelle de l'éducation; rendements en éducation; capital humain du foyer; croissance; décision d'études;

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References

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  1. Christian Belzil & Jörgen Hansen, 2002. "Unobserved Ability and the Return to Schooling," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-19, CIRANO.
  2. Keane, Michael P & Wolpin, Kenneth I, 1997. "The Career Decisions of Young Men," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(3), pages 473-522, June.
  3. Lazear, Edward P, 1980. "Family Background and Optimal Schooling Decisions," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 62(1), pages 42-51, February.
  4. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  5. Thierry Magnac & David Thesmar, 1999. "Identifying Dynamic Discrete Choice Models : An Application to School-Leaving in France," Working Papers 99-16, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  6. Stephen V. Cameron & James J. Heckman, 1998. "Life Cycle Schooling and Dynamic Selection Bias: Models and Evidence for Five Cohorts of American Males," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(2), pages 262-333, April.
  7. Zvi Eckstein & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 1999. "Why Youths Drop Out of High School: The Impact of Preferences, Opportunities, and Abilities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(6), pages 1295-1340, November.
  8. Rust, John, 1987. "Optimal Replacement of GMC Bus Engines: An Empirical Model of Harold Zurcher," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(5), pages 999-1033, September.
  9. Topel, Robert, 1999. "Labor markets and economic growth," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 44, pages 2943-2984 Elsevier.
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Cited by:
  1. Belzil, Christian & Hansen, Jörgen, 2002. "Unobserved Ability and the Return to Schooling," IZA Discussion Papers 508, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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