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Macroeconomics of Microfinance: How Do the Channels Work?

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  • Nargiza Maksudova
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    Abstract

    Recent changes in the microfinance landscape are characterized by increasing patterns of its integration with national financial systems and entry of commercial banks. Microfinance is no longer perceived as an isolated marginal sector of informal intermediation but rather constitutes particular lower-end segment of the broader financial system. Addressing the limited research on the interaction of microfinance with the broader economy I aim to reveal whether and how microfinance is transferred to growth through the identification of causality. I also consider the indirect impact of microfinance through its complement/substitute nature with mainstream banks. The empirical analysis is based on data from 1433 microfinance institutions pooled into 102 countries on which I perform a Granger-causality test using the Arellano and Bond (1991) methodology. The results indicate different transfer channels of microfinance to growth for middle and low-income countries, implying that the strength of the impact depends on the underlying level of development. The nature of microfinance interaction with commercial banks and money aggregates is of significant importance due to competition, spillover effects and (counter) cyclical influence, which hints at the potential of microfinance institutions to affect financial sector structure in the long-term.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague in its series CERGE-EI Working Papers with number wp423.

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    Date of creation: Oct 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:cer:papers:wp423

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    Keywords: microfinance; economic growth; financial intermediation; dynamic panel;

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    1. Amin, S. & Rai, A.S. & Topa, G., 2000. "Does Microcredit Reach the Poor and Vulnerable? Evidence from Nothern Bangladesh," Papers 28, Chicago - Graduate School of Business.
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    Cited by:
    1. Subhani, Muhammad Imtiaz & Hasan, Dr. Syed Akif & Osman, Ms. Amber, 2012. "Co-Integration in Write Offs ratios of the world," MPRA Paper 45143, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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