Industrial Concentration of Ethnic Minority- and Women-Owned Businesses in the United States
AbstractThe number of ethnic minority and women-owned businesses has increased rapidly during the past few decades. However, the characteristics of these businesses and their owners differ by race, ethnicity, and gender. Using a confidential national survey of ethnic minority and women-owned businesses in the United States, this study examines ethnic minority- and women-owned businesses segmented by industrial sectors. Consistent with gender occupational segregation, male- and female- owned businesses have distinctive sectoral concentration patterns, with ethnic minority women- owned businesses highly concentrated in a limited number of industrial sectors. However, the relationship between business sectoral concentration and business performance is not uniform across ethnic and gender groups. Concentration in specific industrial sectors does not necessarily mean poor performance when measured by sales, size of employment or payrolls. However, for women-owned businesses, those sectors obviously pay less and have marginal profits, especially if considering the size of the firms.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau in its series Working Papers with number 13-34.
Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2013
Date of revision:
ethnic business; female entrepreneurship; labor market segmentation; gender;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-07-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-BEC-2013-07-05 (Business Economics)
- NEP-DEM-2013-07-05 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-ENT-2013-07-05 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-HME-2013-07-05 (Heterodox Microeconomics)
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