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Gender and Entrepreneurial Networks

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  • Susan Hanson
  • Megan Blake
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    Abstract

    Hanson S. and Blake M. Gender and entrepreneurial networks, Regional Studies. In a recent critical survey in 2003, Peter Nijkamp argued for the importance of networks and networking for successful entrepreneurship and emphasized the strategic advantage that dense urban areas afford to networks. Nijkamp's arguments are extended herein by investigating the impact of an entrepreneur's identity on network formation, use and opportunity. Focus is made specifically on gender to emphasize the ways networks are embedded in place-based social, economic, cultural, and political structures, which shape entrepreneurs' identities and affect access to resources. The review reveals, first, how little is known about gender and entrepreneurial networks in general and especially about the gendered geography of such networks; and, second, the importance of investigating the impacts of social identity on entrepreneurs' networks if the relationships between entrepreneurship and place are to be understood. [image omitted] Hanson S. et Blake M. Les reseaux de sexe et d'entreprise, Regional Studies. Dans une enquete critique recente en 2003, Peter Nijkamp discute de l'importance des reseaux et de la construction de reseaux pour creer un esprit d'entreprise, et a souligne l'avantage strategique que les agglomerations urbaines offrent aux reseaux. On cherche a elargir les arguments de Nijkamp en examinant l'impact de l'identite d'un entrepreneur sur la construction, l'utilisation et la presence des reseaux. On se concentre notamment sur la notion de sexe afin de souligner les facons dont les reseaux sont anregstd dans des structures sociales, economiques, culturelles et politiques specifiques a un endroit, et qui influent sur les identites des entrepreneurs et l'acces aux ressources. La critique laisse voir, primo, que l'on sait tres peu en general quant aux reseaux de sexe et d'entreprise et en particulier au sujet de la geographie du sexe de tels reseaux et, secundo, l'importance d'examiner l'impact de l'identite sociale sur les reseaux d'entrepreneurs pour faciliter une meilleure comprehension du rapport entre l'esprit d'entreprise et l'endroit. Sexe Esprit d'entreprise Endroit Reseaux Hanson S. und Blake M. Geschlecht und unternehmerische Netzwerke, Regional Studies. In einer aktuellen kritischen Studie argumentierte Peter Nijkamp (2003) fur die Bedeutung von Netzwerken und Netzwerkarbeit fur erfolgreiches Unternehmertum und betonte den strategischen Vorteil, den dichte urbane Gebiete fur Netzwerke bieten. Wir erweitern Nijkamps Argumente, indem wir die Auswirkung der Identitat eines Unternehmers auf die Bildung, Nutzung und Chancen eines Netzwerks untersuchen. Insbesondere konzentrieren wir uns hierbei auf das Geschlecht, um zu betonen, auf welche Weisen die Netzwerke in ortsgebundene gesellschaftliche, wirtschaftliche, kulturelle und politische Strukturen eingebettet sind, die die Identitaten der Unternehmer pragen und sich auf den Zugang zu Ressourcen auswirken. Aus unserer Uberprufung geht hervor, dass erstens wenig uber das Geschlecht im Zusammenhang mit unternehmerischen Netzwerken im Allgemeinen und insbesondere uber die geschlechtsbezogene Geografie solcher Netzwerke bekannt ist, und dass zweitens eine Untersuchung der Auswirkungen der sozialen Identitat auf die Netzwerke der Unternehmer wichtig ist, wenn wir die Beziehungen zwischen Unternehmertum und Ort verstehen wollen. Geschlecht Unternehmertum Ort Netzwerke Hanson S. y Blake M. Genero y redes empresariales, Regional Studies. En un reciente estudio critico, Peter Nijkamp (2003) subrayo la importancia de las redes y la creacion de redes para el exito empresarial y destaco la ventaja estrategica que las areas urbanas densas ofrecen a las redes. Aqui ampliamos los argumentos de Nijkamp al analizar el efecto de la identidad de un empresario en la formacion, el uso y la oportunidad de una red. Prestamos especial atencion a los diferentes sexos para recalcar el modo en que las redes estan arraigadas en estructuras sociales, economicas, culturales y politicas con un determinado espacio que conforman las identidades de los empresarios y afectan al acceso a los recursos. En nuestro analisis destacamos primero lo poco que se conoce sobre los generos y las redes empresariales y especialmente sobre la geografia de generos de tales redes; y segundo, la importancia de estudiar los efectos de la identidad social en las redes de empresarios si queremos entender las relaciones entre el empresariado y su espacio. Genero Empresariado Lugar Redes

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 135-149

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:1:p:135-149

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    Related research

    Keywords: Gender; Entrepreneurship; Place; Networks;

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    Cited by:
    1. Darja Reuschke, 2011. "Self-Employment and Geographical Mobility in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 417, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    2. Qingfang Wang, 2013. "Industrial Concentration of Ethnic Minority- and Women-Owned Businesses in the United States," Working Papers 13-34, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    3. Mona Hedfeldt & Gun Hedlund, 2011. "Networking in gendered regional development," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1064, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Gurrieri, Antonia Rosa, 2013. "Networking entrepreneurs," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 193-204.

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