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El Valor Monetario de la Vida Estadística en España a través de las Preferencias Declaradas

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En este trabajo estimamos el Valor Monetario de una Vida Estadística en España a partir de preferencias declaradas por la población general. El contexto de valoración elegido es el de los accidentes de tráfico. La metodología empleada es la Valoración Contingente. En la encuesta realizada se intentaron comunicar correctamente los riesgos mediante el recurso a ayudas visuales. Los valores obtenidos (no inferiores a 2,7 millones de euros) son similares a otras estimaciones efectuadas en Europa, si bien un aspecto de la consistencia de estos resultados (cuasi-proporcionalidad) sólo se verifica parcialmente. Investigaciones futuras deberán emplear estrategias alternativas a la aquí utilizada con la finalidad de intentar incrementar la consistencia de los valores obtenidos. El procedimiento “encadenado” ideado por Carthy et al. (1999) puede ser un instrumento adecuado para ese objetivo.

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Paper provided by Centro de Estudios Andaluces in its series Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces with number E2008/01.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cea:doctra:e2008_01

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Keywords: Valor de la vida; preferencias declaradas; accidentes de tráfico; valoración contingente; comunicación de riesgos.;

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References

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  1. Gerking, S.D. & Haan, M. de & Schulze, W.D., 1988. "The marginal value of job safety: A contingent valuation study," Open Access publications from Tilburg University, Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-4742815, Tilburg University.
  2. Arianne de Blaeij & Raymond J.G.M. Florax & Piet Rietveld & Erik T. Verhoef, 2000. "The Value of Statistical Life in Road Safety: A Meta-Analysis," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 00-089/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  3. Krupnick, Alan & Cropper, Maureen & Alberini, Anna & Heintzelman, Martin & Simon, Nathalie & O'Brien, Bernie & Goeree, Ron, 2000. "Age, Health, and the Willingness to Pay for Mortality Risk Reductions: A Contingent Valuation Survey of Ontario Residents," Discussion Papers, Resources For the Future dp-00-37, Resources For the Future.
  4. Hammitt, James K & Graham, John D, 1999. "Willingness to Pay for Health Protection: Inadequate Sensitivity to Probability?," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 33-62, April.
  5. Ikuho Kochi & Bryan Hubbell & Randall Kramer, 2006. "An Empirical Bayes Approach to Combining and Comparing Estimates of the Value of a Statistical Life for Environmental Policy Analysis," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 34(3), pages 385-406, July.
  6. Poe, Gregory L. & Giraud, Kelly L. & Loomis, John B., 2002. "Simple Computational Methods for Measuring the Difference of Empirical Distributions: Application to Internal and External Scope Tests in Contingent Valuation," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association) 19664, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  7. Alan Krupnick, 2007. "Mortality-risk Valuation and Age: Stated Preference Evidence," Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 1(2), pages 261-282, Summer.
  8. Corso, Phaedra S & Hammitt, James K & Graham, John D, 2001. " Valuing Mortality-Risk Reduction: Using Visual Aids to Improve the Validity of Contingent Valuation," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, Springer, vol. 23(2), pages 165-84, September.
  9. Carson, Richard T & Mitchell, Robert Cameron, 2000. "Public Preferences Towards Environmental Risks: The Case of Trihalomethanes," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, UC San Diego qt12t5g549, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  10. Gerking, Shelby & de Haan, Menno & Schulze, William, 1988. " The Marginal Value of Job Safety: A Contingent Valuation Study," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 185-99, June.
  11. Baron, Jonathan, 1997. "Confusion of Relative and Absolute Risk in Valuation," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 301-9, May-June.
  12. Alberini, Anna & Cropper, Maureen & Krupnick, Alan & Simon, N.B.Nathalie B., 2004. "Does the value of a statistical life vary with age and health status? Evidence from the US and Canada," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 769-792, July.
  13. José Ma. Abellán Perpiñán & José Luis PintoPrades, 2000. "Quality adjusted life years as expected utilities," Spanish Economic Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 49-63.
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Cited by:
  1. Martinez Perez, Jorge Eduardo & Mendez Martinez, Ildefonso, 2008. "¿Qué podemos saber sobre el Valor Estadístico de la Vida en España utilizando datos laborales?," MPRA Paper 11165, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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